Personality types and subjective well-being among people living with HIV: a latent profile analysis

Marcin Rzeszutek , Ewa Gruszczyńska

Abstract

Purpose We examined whether three types of personality (i.e. resilient, undercontrolled and overcontrolled) based on the Big Five personality taxonomy could be replicated among people living with HIV (PLWH). We also aimed to establish significant sociodemographic and clinical covariates of profile membership and verify whether these profiles are related to the subjective well-being (SWB) of participants. Methods 770 PLWH participated in this study. The Big Five personality traits were evaluated with the NEO-FFI questionnaire. SWB was operationalised by satisfaction with life (Satisfaction with Life Scale) and positive and negative affects (PANAS-X). Moreover, sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected. Results Latent profile analysis was used to identify personality types among participants. Instead of the three profiles most frequently reported in the literature, we identified a four-profile model (the resilient, undercontrolled, overcontrolled and the average profile type) as the best fit to the data. These profiles did not differ with regard to sociodemographic and clinical covariates. However, significant differences in SWB across profiles were noted, i.e. the highest SWB was observed among members of the resilient profile, and overcontrollers and undercontrollers were almost equally regarded as second best in SWB level, whereas the average profile consists of PLWH with the worst SWB. Conclusion Identifying personality types in clinical settings enables more comprehensive understanding of interrelations between personality and health. Regarding PLWH, the typological approach may shed new light on ambiguous results devoted to the role of personality in well-being of these patients.
Author Marcin Rzeszutek
Marcin Rzeszutek,,
-
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie
Journal seriesQuality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, e-ISSN 1573-2649, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol29
No1
Pages57-67
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishHIV/AIDS · Personality types · Typological approach
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-019-02288-5
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-019-02288-5
Languageen angielski
File
Rzeszutek-Gruszczyńska2020_Article_PersonalityTypesAndSubjectiveW.pdf 799.06 KB
Additional file
osw_GruszczynskaEwa.pdf 49.6 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.262; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.488 (2) - 2018=2.979 (5)
Citation count*
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?