The Application of Timing in Therapy of Children and Adults with Language Disorders

Elżbieta Szeląg , Anna Dacewicz , Aneta Szymaszek , Tomasz Wolak , Andrzej Senderski , Izabela Domitrz , Anna Oroń

Abstract

A number of evidence revealed a link between temporal information processing (TIP) and language. Both literature data and results of our studies indicated an overlapping of deficient TIP and disordered language, pointing to the existence of an association between these two functions. On this background the new approach is to apply such knowledge in therapy of patients suffering from language disorders. In two studies we asked the following questions: (1) can the temporal training reduce language deficits in aphasic patients (Study 1) or in children with specific language impairment (SLI, Study 2)? (2) can such training ameliorate also the other cognitive functions? Each of these studies employed pre-training assessment, training application, post-training and follow-up assessment. In Study 1 we tested 28 patients suffering from post-stroke aphasia. They were assigned either to the temporal training (Group A, n = 15) in milliseconds range, or to the non-temporal training (Group B, n = 13). Following the training we found only in Group A improved TIP, accompanied by a transfer of improvement to language and working memory functions. In Study 2 we tested 32 children aged from 5 to 8 years, affected by SLI who were classified into the temporal training (Group A, n = 17) or non-temporal training (Group B, n = 15). Group A underwent the multileveled audio-visual computer training Dr. Neuronowski®, recently developed in our laboratory. Group B performed the computer speech therapy exercises extended by playing computer games. Similarly as in Study 1, in Group A we found significant improvements of TIP, auditory comprehension and working memory. These results indicated benefits of temporal training for amelioration of language and other cognitive functions in both aphasic patients and children with SLI. The novel powerful therapy tools provide evidence for future promising clinical applications.
Autor Elżbieta Szeląg
Elżbieta Szeląg
-
, Anna Dacewicz
Anna Dacewicz
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, Aneta Szymaszek (Wydział Psychologii)
Aneta Szymaszek
- Wydział Psychologii
, Tomasz Wolak
Tomasz Wolak
-
, Andrzej Senderski
Andrzej Senderski
-
, Izabela Domitrz
Izabela Domitrz
-
, Anna Oroń
Anna Oroń
-
Tytuł czasopisma/seriiFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Rok wydania2015
Tom6
Paginacja1-18
Objętość publikacji w arkuszach wydawniczych0.85
Słowa kluczowe w języku angielskimtemporal information processing, language, cognitive functions, aphasia, specific language disorder
Klasyfikacja ASJC3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01714
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4642408/
Języken angielski
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fpsyg-06-01714.pdf 5.51 MB
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BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-37.pdf 24.81 KB
Punktacja (całkowita)35
Wskaźniki publikacji Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.942; Impact Factor WoS: 2015 = 2.463 (2) - 2015=2.885 (5)
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