Beliefs about Obedience Levels in Studies Conducted within the Milgram Paradigm: Better than Average Effect and Comparisons of Typical Behaviors by Residents of Various Nations

Tomasz Grzyb , Dariusz Doliński

Abstract

The article presents studies examining whether the better than average (BTA) effect appears in opinions regarding obedience of individuals participating in an experiment conducted in the Milgram paradigm. Participants are presented with a detailed description of the experiment, asked to declare at what moment an average participant would cease their participation in the study, and then asked to declare at what moment they themselves would quit the experiment. It turned out that the participants demonstrated a strong BTA effect. This effect also concerned those who had known the results of the Milgram experiment prior to the study. Interestingly, those individuals—in contrast to naive participants—judged that the average person would remain obedient for longer, but at the same time prior familiarity with the Milgram experiment did not impact convictions as to own obedience. By the same token, the BTA effect size was larger among those who had previously heard of the Milgram experiment than those who had not. Additionally, study participants were asked to estimate the behavior of the average resident of their country (Poland), as well as of average residents of several other European countries. It turned out that in participants’ judgment the average Pole would withdraw from the experiment quicker than the average Russian and average German, but later than average residents of France and England.
Author Tomasz Grzyb (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Tomasz Grzyb,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Dariusz Doliński (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Dariusz Doliński,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol8
No1632
Pages1-6
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishobedience toward authority, better than average effect, social judgments, self, social comparisons
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01632
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01632/full
Languageen angielski
File
6. Grzyb, Dolinski, 2017 c Beliefs... Frontiers_2017.pdf 270.09 KB
Additional file
6a. oświadczenia D.Doliński i T. Grzyb.pdf 334.78 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.006; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
Citation count*12 (2020-11-27)
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