Age As Moderator of Emotional Stroop Task Performance in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Maksymilian Bielecki , Agnieszka Popiel , Bogdan Zawadzki , Grzegorz Sędek

Abstract

Emotional Stroop Task (EST) has been extensively used to investigate attentional processes in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Even though ageing significantly changes the dynamics of emotion-cognition interactions, very little is known about its role in shaping EST performance in PTSD patients. In the present study we tested a uniquely large sample of motor vehicle accident victims. Data of 194 participants (75.3% female; mean age = 36.64 years, SD = 12.3) were included in the analysis, out of which 136 (70.1%) were diagnosed with PTSD. Prior to the psychiatric assessment, participants completed the pictorial version of EST (neutral, positive, negative, and accidents photos were presented). Comparison of the PTSD and control groups revealed a specific increase in reaction times related to the exposure of trauma-related material. At the same time, previously unreported, moderating effects of age were also discovered. Older participants, in contrast to the younger group, showed no increase in reaction times and interference scores in trials where accident photos were presented. Our study points to the key role of age as a previously understudied factor modifying EST performance in PTSD patients.
Author Maksymilian Bielecki (Wydział Psychologii)
Maksymilian Bielecki,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Agnieszka Popiel (Wydział Psychologii)
Agnieszka Popiel,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Bogdan Zawadzki
Bogdan Zawadzki,,
-
, Grzegorz Sędek (Wydział Psychologii)
Grzegorz Sędek,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol8
Pages1-10
Keywords in EnglishPTSD, emotional Stroop task, pictorial emotional Stroop task, attentional bias, aging
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01614
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01614
Languageen angielski
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Additional file
Oświadczenie.pdf 197.84 KB
2017-10-11-10-39-39-740.pdf 29.65 KB
2017-10-11-10-39-28-255.pdf 24.6 KB
Score (nominal)35
ScoreMinisterial score = 35.0, 15-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.006; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
Citation count*4 (2019-10-14)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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