Coping profiles and subjective well-being among people living with HIV: less intensive coping corresponds with better well-being

Marcin Rzeszutek , Ewa Gruszczyńska , Ewa Firląg-Burkacka

Abstract

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between coping strategies and subjective wellbeing (SWB) among people living with HIV (PLWH) using the latent profile analysis (LPA) with control for socio-medical covariates. Methods The sample comprised five hundred and thirty people (N = 530) with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV?. The study was cross-sectional with SWB operationalized by satisfaction with life (Satisfaction with Life Scale) and positive and negative affect (PANAS-X). Coping with stress was measured by the Brief COPE Inventory, enriched by several items that assessed rumination and enhancement of positive emotional states. Additionally, the relevant socio-medical variables were collected. Results The one-step model of LPA revealed the following: (1) a solution with five different coping profiles suited the data best; (2) socio-medical covariates, except for education, were not related to the profiles’ membership. Further analysis with SWB as a distal outcome showed that higher intensity coping profiles have significantly worse SWB when compared with lower intensity coping profiles. However, the lowest SWB was noted for mixed intensity coping profile (high adaptive/low maladaptive). Conclusions The person-centered approach adopted in this study informs about the heterogeneity of disease-related coping among PLWH and its possible reactive character, as the highest SWB was observed among participants with the lowest intensity of coping.
Autor Marcin Rzeszutek
Marcin Rzeszutek
-
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
-
Tytuł czasopisma/seriiQuality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, e-ISSN 1573-2649, (A 40 pkt)
Rok wydania2017
Tom26
Nr10
Paginacja2805-2814
Objętość publikacji w arkuszach wydawniczych0.5
Słowa kluczowe w języku angielskimHIV, Subjective well-being, Stress coping, Latent profile analysis
Klasyfikacja ASJC2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-017-1612-7
Języken angielski
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QLR_Rzeszutke, Gruszczyńska, Firląg_coping profiles.pdf 558.09 KB
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2017-06-30-13-29-43-285 (2).pdf 16.92 KB
Punktacja (całkowita)40
Żródło punktacjijournalList
Wskaźniki publikacji Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.262; Impact Factor WoS: 2017 = 2.392 (2) - 2017=3.028 (5)
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