Power Corrupts, but Control Does Not: What Stands Behind the Effects of Holding High Positions
Aleksandra Cisłak-Wójcik , Aleksandra Cichocka , Adrian Wójcik , Natalia Frankowska
AbstractPeople seek high positions not to gain influence over others but to satisfy their need for personal control. Personal control tends to have positive interpersonal consequences. If this is the case, does power indeed corrupt? We argue that holding a high position is associated both with perceptions of power (influence over others) and personal control (influence over one’s life). Three studies showed that these two aspects might have opposite consequences: Power over others positively predicted aggressiveness (Study 1, N = 793) and exploitativeness (Study 2, N = 445), whereas personal control predicted these outcomes negatively. In Study 3 (N = 557), conducted among employees at various organizational positions, the effects of holding a high position on exploitativeness and aggressiveness were differentially mediated by power over others and personal control. We discuss these findings in light of contradicting evidence on the corruptive effects of power.
|Journal series||Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, ISSN 0146-1672, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||social power, personal control, aggression, exploitativeness, antisocial tendencies|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.666; : 2017 = 2.498 (2) - 2017=3.67 (5)|
|Citation count*||14 (2020-10-17)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.