What matters, parental or child perceptions of physical activity facilities? A prospective parent-child study explaining physical activity and body fat among children

Karolina Horodyska , Monika Boberska , Nina Knoll , Urte Scholz , Theda Radtke , Natalia Liszewska , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska


Objectives Research explaining childhood obesity has been usually focused on cognitive and behavioral predictors assessed in parents only or in children only. In contrast, the dyadic approach allows to evaluate how parental and child predictors operate together to explain child physical activity (PA) and body fat. This study investigated relationships among: (1) parental and child perceptions of accessibility and safety of exercise facilities for children, (2) parental and child PA, and (3) parental and child body fat percentage. Design A prospective and dyadic study with two measurement points was conducted. The follow up (Time 2) took place at 7–8-month after the baseline (Time 1). Methods Data were collected among 922 dyads of parents (mean age 35.97 years old; 83.9% women) and children (aged 6–11; M = 8.42, 52% girls). Parents and children reported safety and accessibility perceptions (Time 1) and PA (Time 1 and 2). Parental and child body fat were measured objectively (Time 1 and 2). Results Path analysis showed that parental perceptions of accessibility of PA facilities for children (Time 1) predicted child body fat and PA (Time 2). The associations were significant in a model accounting for longitudinal and cross-sectional associations between parental and child body fat and PA, controlling for age and gender of parents and children. Similar patterns of associations were found in the subsamples of dyads with children with normal body weight and with children with overweight/obesity. Conclusions Parental, not child perceptions of accessibility of PA facilities predicted child PA and body fat.
Author Karolina Horodyska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Nina Knoll
Nina Knoll,,
, Urte Scholz
Urte Scholz,,
, Theda Radtke
Theda Radtke,,
, Natalia Liszewska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Natalia Liszewska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesPsychology of Sport and Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishObesityBody fatPhysical activityParentChildPerceived environment
ASJC Classification3202 Applied Psychology
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1469029217300833
Languageen angielski
9. Łuszczyńska_Horodyska et al 2017 Psy Sport Exercise.pdf 437.76 KB
Additional file
9a. Oświadczenie_publ Luszczynska wrzesien3 2017.pdf 274.34 KB
9b. Oświadczenie_publ Boberska wrzesien3 2017.pdf 276.84 KB
9c. Horodyska oświadczenie.pdf 225.61 KB
9d. Liszewska oświadczenie.pdf 245.59 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.75; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.878 (2) - 2017=3.297 (5)
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