The question-behaviour effect in intergroup attitudes research: When do attitudes towards a minority predict a relevant behaviour?

Katarzyna Byrka , Tomasz Grzyb , Dariusz Doliński

Abstract

We hypothesised that the question-behaviour effect, referred to as the influence of questioning about a given behaviour on its subsequent performance, is a relevant issue when exploring the external validity of intergroup attitudes. In a pair of studies, we have corroborated that merely expressing attitudes towards the Jewish minority affects people's relevant behaviour towards this group. In an Internet study, participants who first completed verbal attitude measures were more likely to donate to a Jewish organisation compared to those who completed the measures after making the decision to donate. Moreover, responses to attitude measures of various types and donating to the Jewish organisation were correlated when attitudes had been expressed in the first step. When attitudes were measured after the decision to donate, only the responses to the traditional anti-Semitic scale were correlated with this behaviour. In the field study, in which the time interval between attitude and behaviour measures was introduced, no question-behaviour effect was observed. We explain the results with reference to cognitive dissonance and attitude accessibility mechanisms and discuss them in a broader context of attitude-behaviour research.
Author Katarzyna Byrka (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Katarzyna Byrka,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Tomasz Grzyb (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Tomasz Grzyb,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Dariusz Doliński (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Dariusz Doliński,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, e-ISSN 1464-066X, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol54
No3
Pages297-306
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishBehaviour; External validity; Prejudice; Question-behaviour effect
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1002/ijop.12469
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29193062
Languageen angielski
File
30. Byrka, Grzyb, Dolinski 2017_IJP_2017.pdf 167.41 KB
Additional file
Byrka_oświadczenie_13.12.2017.pdf 149.73 KB
The question-behaviour_oswiadczenie_Dolinski.pdf 237.53 KB
The question-behaviour_oswiadczenie_Grzyb.pdf 561.43 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.883; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.867 (2) - 2017=2.287 (5)
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