Differentiating everyday lies: A typology of lies based on beneficiary and motivation
Katarzyna Cantarero , Piotr Szarota , Vijnand A.P. Van Tilburg
AbstractWe propose a typology of lies that distinguishes six kinds of these in terms of beneficiary (self, Pareto, other) and motivation (protective vs beneficial). We gathered data from a daily diary study (N = 81). Distinct individual differences were related to specific types of lies, showcasing the importance of distinguishing between types of lies. Low self-esteem, high anxiety, and high Machiavellianism involved frequent use of beneficial lies. Conversely, protective lies were negatively related to Machiavellianism and positively to empathy. Self-oriented beneficial lies were related positively to Machiavellianism in particular. Empathy was related to the use of other-oriented protective lies. These results give new insight into the processes that trigger lies and help to integrate and structure research on lying.
|Journal series||Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Lies, Lying, Self-other, Regulatory focus, Individual differences|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.183; : 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)|
|Citation count*||3 (2020-09-29)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.