Parental social-cognitive correlates of preschoolers’ oral hygiene behavior: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Stephanie R. Smith , Jeroen Kroon , Ralf Schwarzer , Kyra Hamilton

Abstract

Background Regular and consistent parental involvement in children's oral hygiene practices is crucial to prevent oral diseases in young children. This emphasizes the need for interventions targeting parental-supervised oral hygiene behavior. To inform the design of future interventions, this meta-analysis aimed to identify the parental social-cognitive factors associated with oral hygiene behavior of preschoolers. Method Five bibliographic databases were searched. A study was eligible for inclusion when it reported an association between a parental social-cognitive factor and an oral hygiene behavior in the targeted age cohort. Meta-analyses were performed when there were at least four independent effect sizes (k > 3). Results Of the 5945 records identified, 25 studies contained eligible data to be included in four meta-analyses: attitude (k = 12); self-efficacy (k = 12); intention (k = 6), and sense of coherence (k = 5). The results showed that greater frequency of preschoolers’ oral hygiene behavior is significantly associated with parental attitudes (r+ = 0.18), self-efficacy (r+ = 0.34), and intention (r+ = 0.29), and not significantly associated with parental sense of coherence (r+ = 0.08). Conclusion Self-efficacy, attitudes, and intention were identified as significant correlates of parental-supervised oral hygiene behavior. However, this is a limited evidence base and many social-cognitive factors, such as self-regulatory processes including planning and action control, have yet to be explored in this context. The significant social-cognitive correlates identified in this study, as well as potential other self-regulatory factors, should be targeted in future intervention studies aimed at improving this important preventive behavior.
Author Stephanie R. Smith
Stephanie R. Smith,,
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, Jeroen Kroon
Jeroen Kroon,,
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, Ralf Schwarzer (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Ralf Schwarzer,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Kyra Hamilton
Kyra Hamilton,,
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Journal seriesSocial Science & Medicine, [Social Science and Medicine, Social Science & Medicine], ISSN 0277-9536, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
No264
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.3
Article number113322
Keywords in EnglishOral hygiene; Toothbrushing; Parents; Young children; Social-cognition; Preschoolers
ASJC Classification1207 History and Philosophy of Science; 3306 Health(social science)
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113322
Languageen angielski
File
Parental_tekst.pdf 2.89 MB
PublicationStatementEnglish2020Schwarzer.pdf 215.11 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.737; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.087 (2) - 2018=4.041 (5)
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