What comes first, negative emotions, positive emotions, or moderate-tovigorous physical activity?

Magdalena Kruk , Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska , Karolina Horodyska , Monika Boberska , Urte Scholz , Theda Radtke , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska

Abstract

Background: Although there is no doubt that indicators of physical activity (PA), negative and positive emotions are associated, the order in which they operate is not well-established. In this study, we investigated indirect associations between a negative emotions indicator (emotional symptoms of depression; henceforth: depression), a positive emotions indicator (physical activity [PA] liking), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), in order to identify which one of the three variables is likely to precede the others. Methods: Data were collected twice, with a 7–8-month follow-up. 879 adults from the general population (N=879 at Time 1, T1; N=603 at Time 2, T2) filled in questionnaires measuring depression, PA liking and MVPA. Results: Mediation analyses showed that a higher level of depression (T1) predicted a lower level of PA liking (T2) which in turn explained a lower MVPA level (T2). Additionally, a higher level of PA liking (T1) predicted a lower level of depression (T2), which in turn was associated with a higher MVPA level at T2. Analyses with MVPA operating as the independent variable or the mediator were not significant. Conclusions: Results indicated that both negative and positive emotions precede rather than follow MVPA engagement.
Author Magdalena Kruk (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Magdalena Kruk,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Horodyska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Urte Scholz
Urte Scholz,,
-
, Theda Radtke
Theda Radtke,,
-
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesMental Health and Physical Activity, ISSN 1755-2966, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
No16
Pages38-42
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishDepression Physical activity liking Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity Adults Mediation analyses
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3202 Applied Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.mhpa.2019.03.002
Languageen angielski
File
Kruk et al 2019 Physical Activity and Mental Health.pdf 496.35 KB
Oświadczenie_Luszczynska_What comes.pdf 80.65 KB
Oswiadczenie_ What_Zarychta.pdf 340.8 KB
oswiadczenie_Boberska.pdf 318.15 KB
oswiadczenie_Kruk.pdf 315.77 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.788; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.0 (2)
Citation count*3 (2020-10-19)
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