Making Americans Feel Great Again? Personal Significance Predicts Political Intentions of Losers and Winners of the 2016 U.S. Election

Katarzyna Jasko , Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska , Marta Maj , Marta Szastok , Arie W. Kruglanski


Reactions of losers and winners of political elections have important consequences for the political system during times of power transition. In four studies conducted immediately before and after the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, we investigated how personal significance induced by success or failure of one’s candidate is related to hostile versus benevolent intentions toward political adversaries. We found that the less significant supporters of Hillary Clinton and supporters of Donald Trump felt after an imagined (Study 1A) or actual (Study 2) electoral failure the more they were willing to engage in peaceful actions against the elected president and the less they were willing to accept the results of the elections. However, while significance gain due to an imagined or actual electoral success was related to more benevolent intentions among Clinton supporters (Study 1B), it was related to more hostile intentions among Trump supporters (Studies 1B, 2, and 3).
Publication categoriesDidactic article/chapter
Author Katarzyna Jasko
Katarzyna Jasko,,
, Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska
Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska,,
, Marta Maj
Marta Maj,,
, Marta Szastok (Wydział Psychologii w Katowicach)
Marta Szastok,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Katowicach
, Arie W. Kruglanski
Arie W. Kruglanski,,
Journal seriesPolitical Psychology, ISSN 0162-895X, e-ISSN 1467-9221, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.95
Keywords in English personal significance, political aggression, collective action, elections
ASJC Classification1211 Philosophy; 3203 Clinical Psychology; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; 3207 Social Psychology; 3312 Sociology and Political Science; 3320 Political Science and International Relations
Languageen angielski
Making Americans_PP ZMarta Szastok.pdf 296.51 KB
oświadczenie Marta Szastok 2z2.pdf 47.8 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 2.536; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.782 (2) - 2017=3.309 (5)
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