Making Americans Feel Great Again? Personal Significance Predicts Political Intentions of Losers and Winners of the 2016 U.S. Election
Katarzyna Jasko , Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska , Marta Maj , Marta Szastok , Arie W. Kruglanski
AbstractReactions of losers and winners of political elections have important consequences for the political system during times of power transition. In four studies conducted immediately before and after the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, we investigated how personal significance induced by success or failure of one’s candidate is related to hostile versus benevolent intentions toward political adversaries. We found that the less significant supporters of Hillary Clinton and supporters of Donald Trump felt after an imagined (Study 1A) or actual (Study 2) electoral failure the more they were willing to engage in peaceful actions against the elected president and the less they were willing to accept the results of the elections. However, while significance gain due to an imagined or actual electoral success was related to more benevolent intentions among Clinton supporters (Study 1B), it was related to more hostile intentions among Trump supporters (Studies 1B, 2, and 3).
|Journal series||Political Psychology, ISSN 0162-895X, e-ISSN 1467-9221, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Keywords in English||personal significance, political aggression, collective action, elections|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 2.536; : 2017 = 2.782 (2) - 2017=3.309 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.