Personal control increases secure but decreases narcissistic in-group positivity
Aleksandra Cichocka , Agnieszka Golec de Zavala , Marta Marchlewska , Bilewicz Michał , Manana Jaworska , Mateusz Olechowski
AbstractOBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of control motivation on in-group positivity. Past research suggests that people compensate for low personal control by increasing support for social in-groups. We predicted that the effect of personal control on in-group positivity would depend on the type of in-group positivity. Low personal control should increase compensatory, narcissistic in-group positivity, whereas high personal control should increase secure, non-narcissistic in-group positivity. METHOD: These hypotheses were tested in a cross-sectional survey (Study 1 N = 1,083, 54% female, Mage = 47.68), two experiments (Study 2 N = 105, 50% female, Mage = 32.05; Study 3 N = 154, 40% female, Mage = 29.93), and a longitudinal survey (Study 4 N = 398, 51% female, Mage = 32.05). RESULTS: In all studies, personal control was negatively associated with narcissistic in-group positivity but positively associated with non-narcissistic in-group positivity. The longitudinal survey additionally showed that the positive relationship between personal control and non-narcissistic in-group positivity was reciprocal. Moreover, both types of in-group positivity differentially mediated between personal control and out-group attitudes: Narcissistic in-group positivity predicted negative attitudes, and non-narcissistic positivity predicted positive attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the role of individual motivation in fostering different types of in-group positivity and intergroup outcomes.
|Journal series||Journal of Personality, ISSN 0022-3506, e-ISSN 1467-6494, (A 45 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0|
|Keywords in English||collective narcissism; defensiveness; in-group identification; personal control; prejudice|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.374; : 2017 = 3.483 (2) - 2017=4.152 (5)|
|Citation count*||4 (2020-01-08)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.