Personal control increases secure but decreases narcissistic in-group positivity

Aleksandra Cichocka , Agnieszka Golec de Zavala , Marta Marchlewska , Bilewicz Michał , Manana Jaworska , Mateusz Olechowski

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of control motivation on in-group positivity. Past research suggests that people compensate for low personal control by increasing support for social in-groups. We predicted that the effect of personal control on in-group positivity would depend on the type of in-group positivity. Low personal control should increase compensatory, narcissistic in-group positivity, whereas high personal control should increase secure, non-narcissistic in-group positivity. METHOD: These hypotheses were tested in a cross-sectional survey (Study 1 N = 1,083, 54% female, Mage  = 47.68), two experiments (Study 2 N = 105, 50% female, Mage  = 32.05; Study 3 N = 154, 40% female, Mage  = 29.93), and a longitudinal survey (Study 4 N = 398, 51% female, Mage  = 32.05). RESULTS: In all studies, personal control was negatively associated with narcissistic in-group positivity but positively associated with non-narcissistic in-group positivity. The longitudinal survey additionally showed that the positive relationship between personal control and non-narcissistic in-group positivity was reciprocal. Moreover, both types of in-group positivity differentially mediated between personal control and out-group attitudes: Narcissistic in-group positivity predicted negative attitudes, and non-narcissistic positivity predicted positive attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the role of individual motivation in fostering different types of in-group positivity and intergroup outcomes.
Author Aleksandra Cichocka
Aleksandra Cichocka,,
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, Agnieszka Golec de Zavala (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
Agnieszka Golec de Zavala,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
, Marta Marchlewska
Marta Marchlewska,,
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, Bilewicz Michał
Bilewicz Michał,,
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, Manana Jaworska
Manana Jaworska,,
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, Mateusz Olechowski
Mateusz Olechowski,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Personality, ISSN 0022-3506, e-ISSN 1467-6494, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol86
Pages465-480
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in Englishcollective narcissism; defensiveness; in-group identification; personal control; prejudice
ASJC Classification3207 Social Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1111/jopy.12328
URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jopy.12328
Languageen angielski
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Golec A_Pesonal_all_2017.pdf 648.56 KB
Golec A_Pesonal_osw_2017.jpg 1.88 MB
Score (nominal)45
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.374; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.483 (2) - 2017=4.152 (5)
Citation count*4 (2020-01-08)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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