Approach and avoidance motivation and interest in new foods: Introducing a measure of the motivation to eat new foods

John Nezlek , Catherine A. Forestell , Marzena Cypryańska-Nezlek


In this paper we introduce a new measure of the motivation to eat new foods, the MENF. The measure is based upon the assumption that people’s interest in new foods reflects a combination of two distinct motives, an approach motive and an avoidance motive. In a series of studies (ns of 703, 411, and 777; collegians and nationally representative samples in the US and Poland) we developed a ten-item measure that has two subscales, one measuring approach motives to new foods, labeled AppNF – Motivation to Approach New Foods, and another one measuring avoidance motives to new foods AvdNF – Motivation to Avoid New Foods. The existence of these subscales was confirmed by Confirmatory Factor Analyses. The scales are reliable, and convergent validity was established by examining relationships between the scales and measures of motivation, curiosity, and personality. The scales also possessed incremental validity when compared to the Food Neophobia Scale. Distinguishing approach and avoidance motives locates the study of the motivation to eat new foods more firmly in the study of motivation per se, in which approach and avoidance motives are conceptualized as two distinct, albeit related, systems.
Author John Nezlek (Wydział Psychologii i Prawa w Poznaniu)
John Nezlek,,
- Wydział Psychologii i Prawa w Poznaniu
, Catherine A. Forestell
Catherine A. Forestell,,
, Marzena Cypryańska-Nezlek (Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie)
Marzena Cypryańska-Nezlek,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie
Journal seriesFood Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, e-ISSN 1873-6343, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2021
Publication size in sheets0.5
Article number104111
Keywords in EnglishFood neophobia, New foods, Approach motivation, Avoidance motivation
ASJC Classification2916 Nutrition and Dietetics; 1106 Food Science
Languageen angielski
2021-FQAP-MENF.pdf 477.55 KB
2021-FQAP-MENF-Nezlek-signed.pdf 907.68 KB
2021-FQAP-MENF-Cypryanska-signed.pdf 958.68 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.639; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.684 (2) - 2018=4.257 (5)
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