Sex Differences in Verbal Fluency Among Young Adults

Andrzej Sokołowski , Ernest Tyburski , Anna Sołtys , Ewa Karabanowicz


Verbal fluency tasks have been used as tools to measure various cognitive processes, such as executive functions, memory, and language. Sex differences in verbal fluency performance have been mostly investigated in population studies. Little of this research has focused on young adults. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of sex and task category on word production and verbal strategies (i.e., cluster size and switches) in young adults. The phonemic (letter “k”, letter “f”) and semantic (animals, fruits, sharp objects) fluency measures were used. Men and women were compared in terms of the number of produced words and the use of verbal strategies (number of switches and mean cluster size controlled for produced words). Results revealed subtle sex differences in verbal fluency in young adults. Men performed slightly better in semantic fluency, producing more words, while there were no sex differences in verbal strategies. There were also no sex differences in word production and verbal strategies in the phonemic fluency tasks. Furthermore, there were differences in the number of produced words, mean cluster sizes, and switches between semantic tasks as well as between phonemic tasks. These results can be interpreted in the context of potential differences in mental lexicon and social roles. Moreover, our results suggest that assessment of verbal strategies and overall word production may be important in the context of sex differences in verbal fluency among young adults as well as in neuropsychological diagnosis.
Author Andrzej Sokołowski
Andrzej Sokołowski,,
, Ernest Tyburski (Wydział Psychologii i Prawa w Poznaniu)
Ernest Tyburski,,
- Wydział Psychologii i Prawa w Poznaniu
, Anna Sołtys
Anna Sołtys,,
, Ewa Karabanowicz
Ewa Karabanowicz,,
Journal seriesAdvances in Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 1895-1171, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishverbal fluency, switching, clustering, sex differences, individual differences
ASJC Classification3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Languageen angielski
Sex Differences in Verbal Fluency.pdf 422.08 KB
Oświadczenie 1.pdf 2.24 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.718; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.452 (2) - 2017=1.862 (5)
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