Empathy gap – what do we know about empathizing with others′ pain?

Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda , Aleksandra Dopierała , Paweł Boski

Abstract

Empathy of pain as a multi-dimensional process includes sharing and understanding the pain of others in relation to oneself. Subjects in such studies are typically members of western, educated, industrialized, rich and democratic societies. In the literature review that we conducted, we observed that little is known about the empathy for pain in people who are not members of societies with these cultural characteristics. We often understand those who are “similar” to us more easily - ones who belong to “our” cultural circle. However, contact with another culture could help prevent such bias. Group characteristics, such as focus on others, hierarchy preference, or cultural differences in self-constructs, can change the activity of brain regions associated with empathy and compassion. Increasing the diversity of the research participants connected with education level, poverty, industrialization, and respect for basic citizen freedoms seem to be necessary to fully understand the mechanisms that influence the development and operation of empathy.
Author Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda (Wydział Psychologii)
Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Aleksandra Dopierała (Wydział Psychologii)
Aleksandra Dopierała,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Paweł Boski (Wydział Psychologii)
Paweł Boski,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol48
No1
Pages111-117
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishempathy, pain, culture
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1515/ppb-2017-0014
Languageen angielski
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Publikacje Oświadczenie3.docx 27.54 KB
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KJS_osw2.jpeg 338.84 KB
Boski_Oświadczenie_publ ( 1 )-1 (2).pdf 437.54 KB
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.232
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