Individual differences in decisiveness: ERP correlates of response inhibition and error monitoring

Magdalena Senderecka , Jakub Szewczyk , Szymon Wichary , Małgorzata Kossowska

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine whether and how self-reported decisiveness is associated with response inhibition and performance monitoring. We hypothesized that these two cognitive control mechanisms, both of which are often associated with decision making, would differ in individuals varying in decisiveness. We focused on ERP correlates and behavioral measures of inhibition and error processing in the stopsignal task. We expected a negative relationship between decisiveness and behavioral measures of inhibitory control. We also hypothesized that stop-signal-locked N1 and P3 components and response-locked error-related negativity (ERN) would be less pronounced when participants self-reported higher levels of decisiveness. Correlation analysis identified an association between high decisiveness, long stop-signal reaction time, and low inhibition rate. Analysis with mixed-effects linear models revealed that stop signals evoked less pronounced N1 and P3 in individuals scoring higher on decisiveness in both successfully and unsuccessfully inhibited trials. Additionally, high decisiveness was linked to reduced error monitoring, as indicated by decreased ERNs. Importantly, we also found positive association between P3 onset latency and decisiveness, suggesting that individuals scoring higher on this measure have relatively less ability to rapidly engage the stopping process. Thus, our findings primarily indicate that decisiveness is negatively associated with the efficiency of both response inhibition and error monitoring. They also suggest that highly decisive people may share some characteristics of diminished cognitive control with impulsive individuals.
Author Magdalena Senderecka
Magdalena Senderecka,,
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, Jakub Szewczyk
Jakub Szewczyk,,
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, Szymon Wichary (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Szymon Wichary,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Małgorzata Kossowska
Małgorzata Kossowska,,
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Journal seriesPsychophysiology, ISSN 0048-5772, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Volvol 55
No10
Pages1-19
Publication size in sheets0.9
Keywords in Englishdecisiveness, ERPs, error monitoring, response inhibition, stop-signal task
ASJC Classification2737 Physiology (medical); 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; 3206 Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology; 1314 Physiology
DOIDOI:10.1111/psyp.13198
URL https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13198
Languageen angielski
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Individual differences_tekst.pdf 825.99 KB
Additional file
Individual differences Wichary_oświadczenie.pdf 108.06 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.111; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.118 (2) - 2017=3.628 (5)
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