Socioeconomic and health-related childhood and adolescence predictors of entry into paid employment

Jaana I. Halonen , Marianna Virtanen , Leena Ala-Mursula , Jouko Miettunen , Eeva Vaaramo , Jaro Karppinen , Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska , Tea Lallukka


Background Most studies on prolonging working careers have explored later career, while less is known about social and particularly health-related determinants of entry into labour market. We examined social and health-related factors from childhood and adolescence as predictors of age at entry into paid employment and early occupational class, and whether own education moderates these associations. Methods The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 was followed from birth until the end of 2015. We included 8542 participants (52% male) who had had a minimum of 6-month employment that was defined by registered earning periods. As socioeconomic predictors, we examined low parental education at age 7 and low household income at age 16. Behaviour- and health-related factors at age 16 included smoking, alcohol use, physical inactivity, overweight, length of sleep and not having breakfast, while mental health problems included symptoms of anxiety and depression, attention problems and social problems. The analyses for significant predictors were further stratified by register-based level of completed own education by age 28–29 (low/high). Results After adjustments, low parental education, smoking and having been drunk were significant predictors of early entry into paid employment (≤18 vs. ≥24 years), especially among those who later obtained high education. Low parental education and smoking were predictors of low or non-specified (vs. high) occupational class in the first job. Mental health problems were not associated with either outcome. Conclusions Socioeconomic background and unhealthy lifestyle contribute to early entry into the labour market and low occupational status in the first job.
Author Jaana I. Halonen
Jaana I. Halonen,,
, Marianna Virtanen
Marianna Virtanen,,
, Leena Ala-Mursula
Leena Ala-Mursula,,
, Jouko Miettunen
Jouko Miettunen,,
, Eeva Vaaramo
Eeva Vaaramo,,
, Jaro Karppinen
Jaro Karppinen,,
, Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Tea Lallukka
Tea Lallukka,,
Journal seriesEuropean Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Languageen angielski
Socioeconomic_oswiadczenie.pdf 35.49 KB
Socioeconomic_tekst.pdf 185.7 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.295; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.782 (2) - 2017=2.902 (5)
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