Interrole conflict and self-efficacy to manage work and family demands mediate the relationships of job and family demands with stress in the job and family domains

Ewelina Smoktunowicz , Roman Cieślak , Evangelia Demerouti


ABSTRACTBackground and objectives: This study derives from Work–Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis, L. L., & Bakker, A. B. (2012). A resource perspective on the work–home interface: The work–home resources model. American Psychologist, 67(7), 545–556. doi:10.1037/a0027974) and Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US: Prentice-Hall, Inc.) to investigate mechanisms responsible for the effect of job and family demands on work- and family-related perceived stress. We hypothesized that interrole conflict and self-efficacy to manage work and family demands operate either independently or sequentially transmitting the effects of demands on perceived stress. Design: A sample of 100 employees of various occupations participated in the study conducted online in two waves: Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2) with a three-month interval. Method: Regression analysis with bootstrapping was applied. Results: Interrole conflict (T1) did not mediate the relationships between demands (T1) and perceived stress (T2), whereas self-efficacy (T1) mediated only those between family demands (T1) and stress (T2). However, data supported the sequential mediation hypotheses: Demands (T1) were associated with increased interrole conflict (T1) which in turn decreased self-efficacy (T1) and ultimately resulted in the elevated perceived stress at work and in the family (T2). Conclusions: Demands originating in one domain can impact stress both in the same and other life areas through the sequence of interrole conflict and context-specific self-efficacy.
Author Ewelina Smoktunowicz (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewelina Smoktunowicz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Evangelia Demerouti
Evangelia Demerouti,,
Journal seriesAnxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, ISSN 1061-5806, e-ISSN 1477-2205, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in EnglishDemands, family–work conflict, work–family conflict, self-efficacy, stress
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3203 Clinical Psychology; 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
URL <p>
Languageen angielski
smoktunowicz2017.pdf 1.32 MB
Additional file
2017-06-30-13-29-43-285.pdf 31.25 KB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.111; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.064 (2) - 2017=2.487 (5)
Citation count*9 (2021-01-21)
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