Scanpath similarity measure reveals not only a decreased social preference, but also an increased nonsocial preference in individuals with autism
Magdalena Król , Michał Król
AbstractWe compared scanpath similarity in response to repeated presentations of social and nonsocial images representing natural scenes in a sample of 30 participants with autism spectrum disorder and 32 matched typically developing individuals. We used scanpath similarity (calculated using ScanMatch) as a novel measure of attentional bias or preference, which constrains eye-movement patterns by directing attention to specific visual or semantic features of the image. We found that, compared with the control group, scanpath similarity of participants with autism was significantly higher in response to nonsocial images, and significantly lower in response to social images. Moreover, scanpaths of participants with autism were more similar to scanpaths of other participants with autism in response to nonsocial images, and less similar in response to social images. Finally, we also found that in response to nonsocial images, scanpath similarity of participants with autism did not decline with stimulus repetition to the same extent as in the control group, which suggests more perseverative attention in the autism spectrum disorder group. These results show a preferential fixation on certain elements of social stimuli in typically developing individuals compared with individuals with autism, and on certain elements of nonsocial stimuli in the autism spectrum disorder group, compared with the typically developing group.
|Journal series||Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, e-ISSN 1461-7005, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Keywords in English||autism spectrum disorder, eye movements, scanpath, scanpath similarity, social perception, visual attention|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.78; : 2017 = 3.906 (2) - 2017=4.297 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-11-22)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.