Health enhancing coping as mediator in relationships of positive emotionality and cognitive curiosity with quality of life among type 2 diabetes patients

Dorota Kalka , Monika Pawłowska

Abstract

The number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes has been growing recently. This chronic disease is connected with lower perceived quality of life and experiencing a lot of stressful situations. Some of these situations can be anticipated. Thus, it is possible to prepare oneself for future difficult situations by using proactive coping strategies. The aim of this research was to verify the level of satisfaction with various areas of life, the frequency of use of proactive coping strategies in the case of type 2 diabetes patients and healthy individuals, as well as mediation role of these strategies in the relationship between positive emotionality, cognitive curiosity and perceived quality of life. One hundred and seventy four persons took part in the research: 85 persons with diabetes and 89 healthy individuals. We used instruments with recognized psychometric properties: The Proactive Coping Inventory, The World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-BREF, PANAS Questionnaire and State-Trait Personality Inventory. The analysis of the results showed, among other things, that people suffering from type 2 diabetes are the least satisfied with their health, and the most with their treatment and knowledge about the disease. Healthy individuals are the most satisfied with the physical domain and one’s present life, whereas the least satisfied with the environmental domain. Both groups differ in terms of using proactive coping strategies. People with diabetes most often adopt a preventive strategy, whereas healthy individuals a reflective one. Two strategies turned out to be able to mediate in the relationship of positive emotionality and life satisfaction in the diabetes group. It was a strictly proactive and preventive coping strategy. No mediation effect was found in the group of healthy people. The results show that in the face of anticipated difficulties, people with type 2 diabetes try to protect their current resources by resorting to their existing knowledge, the level of which they are most satisfied with. The higher the positive emotionality/cognitive curiosity among people with type 2 diabetes, the higher their satisfaction with life, which is due to the fact, that they more frequently use proactive or preventive strategies to cope with stress.
Author Dorota Kalka (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Dorota Kalka,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Monika Pawłowska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Monika Pawłowska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2015
Vol46
No3
Pages362-375
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in Englishdiabetes mellitus type 2, proactive coping, positive emotionality, cognitive curiosity
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1515/ppb-2015-0043
Languageen angielski
File
Dorota Kalka_2015_Health.pdf 125.92 KB
Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.297
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