Body areas satisfaction and body mass in adolescents: mediating effects of actual–ideal body weight discrepancies

Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska , Karolina Horodyska , Carina K. Y. Chan

Abstract

Purpose This study aims at investigating prospective associations between body areas satisfaction (BAS), actual (objectively measured)–ideal body weight discrepancy, actual (self-reported)–ideal body weight discrepancy and BMI among adolescents from the general population. Methods Data were collected at three measurement points: baseline (T1), 2-month follow-up (T2), 13-month follow-up (T3) among 1011 adolescents (59.3% girls) aged 13–19 years (M = 16.30, SD = 0.82) with BMIs ranging from 15.20 to 38.78 (M = 20.01, SD = 3.33). Adolescents completed questionnaires regarding BAS (T1), actual and ideal body weight (T2). Body weight and height were measured objectively (T1 and T3). Results Adolescents satisfied with most areas of their bodies had lower levels of actual (objectively measured)–ideal body weight discrepancy, which in turn predicted higher BMI, while lower levels of actual (self-reported)–ideal body weight discrepancy predicted lower BMI. No moderating effect of gender was found. Conclusions Actual–ideal weight discrepancies may operate in complex manner prompting opposite effects on BMI. Level of evidence Level III, longitudinal study without control group.
Author Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Horodyska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Carina K. Y. Chan
Carina K. Y. Chan,,
-
Journal seriesEating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia Bulimia and Obesity, [Eating and Weight Disorders], ISSN 1124-4909, e-ISSN 1590-1262, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol25
Pages1011-1019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishBody areas satisfaction · Body mass index · Cognitive factors · Actual–ideal body weight discrepancy · Adolescence
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1007/s40519-019-00722-8
Languageen angielski
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Oświadczenie_Zarychta_EAWD.pdf 669.56 KB
Body_tekst.pdf 651.57 KB
Oświadczenie_Horodyska_EAWD..pdf 666.84 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.767; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.73 (2) - 2018=2.127 (5)
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