Social anxiety questionnaire (SAQ): Development and preliminary validation

Patryk Łakuta


Background: The Social Anxiety Questionnaire (SAQ) was designed to assess five dimensions of social anxiety as posited by the Clark and Wells' (1995; Clark, 2001) cognitive model. Methods: The development of the SAQ involved generation of an item pool, followed by a verification of content validity and the theorized factor structure (Study 1). The final version of the SAQ was then assessed for reliability, temporal stability (test re-test reliability), and construct, criterion-related, and contrasted-group validity (Study 2, 3, and 4). Results: Following a systematic process, the results provide support for the SAQ as reliable, and both theoretically and empirically valid measure. A five-factor structure of the SAQ verified and replicated through confirmatory factor analyses reflect five dimensions of social anxiety: negative self-processing; self-focused attention and self-monitoring; safety behaviours; somatic and cognitive symptoms; and anticipatory and post-event rumination. Limitations: Results suggest that the SAQ possesses good psychometric properties, while recognizing that additional validation is a required future research direction. It is important to replicate these findings in diverse populations, including a large clinical sample. Conclusions: The SAQ is a promising measure that supports social anxiety as a multidimensional construct, and the foundational role of self-focused cognitive processes in generation and maintenance of social anxiety symptoms. The findings make a significant contribution to the literature, moreover, the SAQ is a first instrument that offers to assess all, proposed by the Clark–Wells model, specific cognitive-affective, physiological, attitudinal, and attention processes related to social anxiety.
Autor Patryk Łakuta (Wydział Psychologii)
Patryk Łakuta
- Wydział Psychologii
Tytuł czasopisma/seriiJournal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, e-ISSN 1573-2517, (A 35 pkt)
Rok wydania2018
Objętość publikacji w arkuszach wydawniczych0.5
Słowa kluczowe w języku angielskimSocial anxiety, Social phobia, Questionnaire development, Validation
Klasyfikacja ASJC2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
Języken angielski
Social anxiety questionnaire.pdf 489.88 KB
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Punktacja (całkowita)35
Wskaźniki publikacji Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.362; Impact Factor WoS: 2017 = 3.786 (2) - 2017=4.035 (5)
Liczba cytowań*5 (2021-02-24)
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