“Humanum ignoscere est”. The relationship of national and supranational identifications with intergroup forgiveness

Katarzyna Hamer , Marta Penczek-Zapała , Michał Bilewicz

Abstract

Abstract There is mixed evidence on the role of national identification in intergroup forgiveness after historical crimes. We propose that this is due to the dual character of national identification, which consists of a general sense of belonging (shared with supranational identifications) and a more specific sense of distinctiveness. Study 1, performed on a Polish student sample (N = 314), showed that national identification decreases the level of intergroup forgiveness, when its shared variance with supranational identifications is partialled out. On the contrary, broader identifications (with all humanity, with the European Union) have clearly positive effects on intergroup forgiveness. Study 2 replicated these findings in a larger nationwide Polish sample (N = 1006) in the context of two groups of historical perpetrators (Germans, Russians) and explored the impact of supranational identifications on forgiveness to the groups who are not members of such shared categories (e.g. Russians not belonging to the category “European Union”). Both studies support the view that broad, supranational identifications – including both victims and perpetrators – are important individual difference antecedents of reconciliation and intergroup forgiveness.
Author Katarzyna Hamer
Katarzyna Hamer,,
-
, Marta Penczek-Zapała (Wydział Psychologii)
Marta Penczek-Zapała,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Michał Bilewicz
Michał Bilewicz,,
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Journal seriesPersonality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol105
Pages257 - 263
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishIntergroup forgiveness
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.09.058
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886916310212
Languageen angielski
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1-s2.0-S0191886916310212-main.pdf 325.85 KB
Scan_Penczek_PID.pdf 177.59 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.183; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)
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