Sedentary behaviors and anxiety among children, adolescents and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Bartłomiej Stanczykiewicz , Anna Banik , Nina Knoll , Jan Keller , Diana Hilda Hohl , Joanna Rosińczuk , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska


Background Although the number of studies examining the relationships between sedentary behaviors (SB) and anxiety is growing, an overarching evidence, taking into account children, adolescents, and adults as well as different types of SB and different categories of anxiety outcomes, is still missing. Thus, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at obtaining a comprehensive overview of existing evidence. Methods A search in the following databases: PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Academic Search Complete, ERIC, HealthSource: Nursing/Academic Edition and MEDLINE, resulted in k = 31 original studies included in the systematic review (total N = 99,192) and k = 17 (total N = 27,443) included in the meta-analysis. Main inclusion criteria referred to testing the SB--anxiety relationship, the quality score (above the threshold of 65%), and the language of publications (English). The study was following the PRISMA statement and was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42017068517). Results Both the systematic review and meta-analysis indicated that overall average effects were small: higher levels of symptoms of anxiety were associated with higher levels of SB (weighted r = .093, 95% CI [.055, .130], p < .001). Moderator analyses indicated that trends for stronger effects were observed among adults, compared to children/adolescents (p = .085). Conclusions Further longitudinal studies are necessary to elucidate the predictive direction of the anxiety—SB relationship and to clarify whether the effects depend on the type of anxiety indicators.
Author Bartłomiej Stanczykiewicz
Bartłomiej Stanczykiewicz,,
, Anna Banik (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anna Banik,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Nina Knoll
Nina Knoll,,
, Jan Keller
Jan Keller,,
, Diana Hilda Hohl
Diana Hilda Hohl,,
, Joanna Rosińczuk
Joanna Rosińczuk,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesBMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets1.05
Keywords in EnglishAnxiety; Sedentary behaviors; Children; Adolescents; Adults; Systematic review; Meta-analysis
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Languageen angielski
Sedentary behaviors_tekst.pdf 1.25 MB
Additional file
Sedentary behaviors_Luszczynska_oswiadczenie.pdf 546.99 KB
Sedentary behaviors_Banik_oswiadczenie.pdf 19.31 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.259; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.42 (2) - 2017=3.039 (5)
Citation count*24 (2021-02-26)
Share Share

Get link to the record

* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Are you sure?