Well-Being and Institutional Care in Older Adults: Cross-Sectional and Time Effects of Provided and Received Support
Aleksandra Kroemeke , Ewa Gruszczyńska
The aim of the study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal effects of provided and received support on older adults’ subjective well-being (positive affect and depression) and to examine whether being a recipient of institutional care moderates these effects.
Social support (provided and received), positive affect, and depressive symptoms were assessed twice (at baseline and 1 month later) for 277 older adults (age 77.39 ± 9.20 years, 67.50% women, 65% residents of an institutional care facility).
Two structural equation models were analyzed: cross-sectional (at baseline) and longitudinal (after 1 month). The first model revealed a significant positive relationship between providing and receiving support and positive affect, and a negative relationship between receiving support and depression. However, being a recipient of institutional care appeared to be a significant moderator in the longitudinal model. Specifically, the findings indicated effects of both providing and receiving support on positive affect but only for noninstitutionalized older adults.
Although both types of support may be beneficial for older adults, their effects depend on the nature of social exchange and the dimensions of well-being. This suggests that such factors should be systematically investigated in future research.
|Journal series||Plos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.101; : 2016 = 2.806 (2) - 2016=3.394 (5)|
|Citation count*||8 (2020-10-01)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.