Well-Being and Institutional Care in Older Adults: Cross-Sectional and Time Effects of Provided and Received Support

Aleksandra Kroemeke , Ewa Gruszczyńska

Abstract

Background

The aim of the study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal effects of provided and received support on older adults’ subjective well-being (positive affect and depression) and to examine whether being a recipient of institutional care moderates these effects.

Methods

Social support (provided and received), positive affect, and depressive symptoms were assessed twice (at baseline and 1 month later) for 277 older adults (age 77.39 ± 9.20 years, 67.50% women, 65% residents of an institutional care facility).

Findings

Two structural equation models were analyzed: cross-sectional (at baseline) and longitudinal (after 1 month). The first model revealed a significant positive relationship between providing and receiving support and positive affect, and a negative relationship between receiving support and depression. However, being a recipient of institutional care appeared to be a significant moderator in the longitudinal model. Specifically, the findings indicated effects of both providing and receiving support on positive affect but only for noninstitutionalized older adults.

Discussion

Although both types of support may be beneficial for older adults, their effects depend on the nature of social exchange and the dimensions of well-being. This suggests that such factors should be systematically investigated in future research.

Author Aleksandra Kroemeke (Wydział Psychologii)
Aleksandra Kroemeke,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesPlos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol11
No8
Pages1-13
Publication size in sheets0.6
ASJC Classification1100 General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; 1300 General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0161328
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0161328
Languageen angielski
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Kroemeke,Gruszczynska, PLoS ONE,s1.pdf 58.72 KB
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oswiadczenie.jpg 846.18 KB
Gruszczyńska_osw2016.pdf 145.11 KB
Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.101; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.806 (2) - 2016=3.394 (5)
Citation count*8 (2020-10-01)
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