Identity dimensions versus proactive coping in late adolescence while taking into account biological sex and psychological gender

Dorota Kalka , Bartosz Karcz


The aim of study was to investigate the relationship between proactive coping strategies and the dimensions of identity formation, along with the role of biological sex and psychological gender as moderators for this relationship. We conducted analyses aimed at showing differences in terms of identity dimensions levels and proactive coping strategies used by a group of individuals with different biological sex and psychological gender. A group of 101 students from upper secondary schools (47 females, 54 males) from Pomeranian Voivodeship took part in the study. We used in our research The Dimensions of Identity Development Scale; The Psychological Gender Inventory and The Proactive Coping Inventory for Adolescents. We found, among others, that in the case of a proactive strategy, biological sex turned out to be a significant moderator in the relationship between this variable and identity dimensions: ruminative exploration, commitment-making and identification with commitment. In the case of instrumental support seeking, psychological gender turned out to be a significant moderator for the relationship between these variables and a part of identity dimensions. The obtained results show that, regardless of whether young people, in terms of characteristics that are stereotypically associated with biological sex, are described as aschematic (undifferentiated individuals) or schematic (sex-typed) when entering adulthood and attempting to constitute themselves, more often cope in a task-oriented manner by trying to create a set of information useful in difficult situations and aspire to obtain informational support from individuals in one’s own social network, who are regarded as safe people
Author Dorota Kalka (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Dorota Kalka,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Bartosz Karcz (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Bartosz Karcz,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishadolescents, proactive coping, biological sex, psychological gender
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
[Polish Psychological Bulletin] Identity dimensions 2016.pdf 283.54 KB
Karcz_2016_Identity_ośw.jpg 375.13 KB
Kalka_identity_oświadczenie.jpg 374.05 KB
Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.251
Citation count*7 (2021-04-05)
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