Yoga Poses Increase Subjective Energy and State Self-Esteem in Comparison to ‘Power Poses’

Agnieszka Golec de Zavala , Dorottya Lantos , Deborah Bowden

Abstract

Research on beneficial consequences of yoga focuses on the effects of yogic breathing and meditation. Less is known about the psychological effects of performing yoga postures. The present study investigated the effects of yoga poses on subjective sense of energy and self-esteem. The effects of yoga postures were compared to the effects of ‘power poses,’ which arguably increase the sense of power and self-confidence due to their association with interpersonal dominance (Carney et al., 2010). The study tested the novel prediction that yoga poses, which are not associated with interpersonal dominance but increase bodily energy, would increase the subjective feeling of energy and therefore increase self-esteem compared to ‘high power’ and ‘low power’ poses. A two factorial, between participants design was employed. Participants performed either two standing yoga poses with open front of the body (n = 19), two standing yoga poses with covered front of the body (n = 22), two expansive, high power poses (n = 21), or two constrictive, low power poses (n = 20) for 1-min each. The results showed that yoga poses in comparison to ‘power poses’ increased self-esteem. This effect was mediated by an increased subjective sense of energy and was observed when baseline trait self-esteem was controlled for. These results suggest that the effects of performing open, expansive body postures may be driven by processes other than the poses’ association with interpersonal power and dominance. This study demonstrates that positive effects of yoga practice can occur after performing yoga poses for only 2 min.
Author Agnieszka Golec de Zavala (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
Agnieszka Golec de Zavala,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
, Dorottya Lantos
Dorottya Lantos,,
-
, Deborah Bowden
Deborah Bowden,,
-
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol8
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.55
Article number752
Keywords in Englishyoga, ‘power poses’, self-esteem, subjective sense of energy
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00752
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00752/full
Languageen angielski
File
Golec A_Yoga_all_2017.pdf 1,006.25 KB
Golec A_Yoga_osw_2017.jpg 1.86 MB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.031; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
Citation count*20 (2020-11-27)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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