The psychological structure of aggression across cultures

Laura Severance , Lan Bui-Wrzosińska , Michele Gelfand , SARAH LYONS , ANDRZEJ NOWAK , Wojciech Borkowski , Nazar Soomro , NAUREEN SOOMRO , ANAT RAFAELI , DORIT EFRAT TREISTER , CHUN-CHI LIN , SUSUMU YAMAGUCHI

Abstract

To date, the vast majority of the research on aggression has been conducted on Western samples. This research expands the culture-bound understanding of aggression by examining universal and culture-specific dimensions that underlie the psychological structure of aggression. Drawing on cultural logics of honor, dignity, and face, we examine the construal of aggression across Pakistan, Israel, Japan, and the United States. Multidimensional scaling analyses revealed potentially universal dimensions of aggression. In all four nations, dimensions of damage to self-worth and direct versus indirect aggression emerged, and a physical versus verbal aggression emerged in Pakistan, Israel, and Japan. In addition, an infringement to personal resources dimension emerged in the United States and Israel, and a degree of threat dimension emerged in Pakistan. Further, results demonstrated cultural specificity in terms of (i) where aggressive behaviors fell along each dimension and (ii) meanings that defined each dimension across cultures. These findings have implications for the prevention and attenuation of intercultural conflicts as well as the advancement of the cross-cultural psychology and the aggression literatures. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/job.1873/abstract
Author Laura Severance
Laura Severance,,
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, Lan Bui-Wrzosińska (Wydział Psychologii)
Lan Bui-Wrzosińska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Michele Gelfand
Michele Gelfand,,
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, SARAH LYONS
SARAH LYONS,,
-
, ANDRZEJ NOWAK
ANDRZEJ NOWAK,,
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, Wojciech Borkowski (Wydział Psychologii)
Wojciech Borkowski,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Nazar Soomro
Nazar Soomro,,
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, NAUREEN SOOMRO
NAUREEN SOOMRO,,
-
, ANAT RAFAELI
ANAT RAFAELI,,
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, DORIT EFRAT TREISTER
DORIT EFRAT TREISTER,,
-
et al.`
Journal seriesJournal of Organizational Behavior, ISSN 0894-3796, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol34(6)
Pages835-865
Publication size in sheets1.5
Keywords in Englishaggression; cross-cultural psychology; conflict resolution; negotiation
ASJC Classification1407 Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management; 3200 General Psychology; 3312 Sociology and Political Science; 3202 Applied Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1002/job.1873
URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254258158_The_psychological_structure_of_aggression_across_cultures?ev=prf_pub
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 2.804; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 3.262 (2) - 2013=4.734 (5)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=14132
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=14132
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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