Changes in physical and mental health functioning during retirement transition: a register-linkage follow-up study

Minna Mänty , Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska , Tea Lallukka , Jouni Lahti , Eero Lahelma , Ossi Rahkonen

Abstract

Background: Changes in health functioning over different retirement transitions are poorly understood. This study aimed to examine associations between transition into statutory, disability and part-time retirement, and changes in health functioning. Methods: Survey data were collected among ageing employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three phases: (i) (2000–02), (ii) (2007) and (iii) (2012). Physical and mental health functioning were measured using the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each phase. Retirees between phases 1 and 3 were identified from the national registers of the Finnish Centre for Pensions: full-time statutory retirement (n = 1464), part-time retirement (n = 404), and disability retirement (n = 462). Generalized estimating equations were used to examine the associations. Results: Disability retirees had poorer pre- and post-retirement health functioning compared to statutory and part-time retirees. Statutory and part-time retirement were associated with no or only small changes in physical health functioning during retirement transition ( 0.1, 95% CI 0.3 to 0.5 and 1.0, 1.8 to 0.1, respectively), whereas a clear decline in functioning was observed among disability retirees (4.3, 5.4 to 3.2). Mental health functioning improved during the retirement transition among statutory and part-time retirees (1.9, 1.4–2.4 and 2.0, 1.0–3.0, respectively), whereas no change was observed for disability retirees. Conclusions: Transition to disability retirement led to a decrease in physical health functioning, and statutory retirement to a slight improvement in mental health functioning. Evidence on changes in physical and mental health functioning during retirement transition process may provide useful information for interventions to promote healthy ageing.
Author Minna Mänty
Minna Mänty,,
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, Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Tea Lallukka
Tea Lallukka,,
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, Jouni Lahti
Jouni Lahti,,
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, Eero Lahelma
Eero Lahelma,,
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, Ossi Rahkonen
Ossi Rahkonen,,
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Journal seriesEuropean Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol28
No5
Pages805-809
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
DOIDOI:10.1093/eurpub/cky013
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29425301
Languageen angielski
File
4 Oświadczenie_Changes.pdf 35.96 KB
4 Changes_Kouvonen.pdf 145.25 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.295; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.782 (2) - 2017=2.902 (5)
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