Changes in physical and mental health functioning during retirement transition: a register-linkage follow-up study
Minna Mänty , Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska , Tea Lallukka , Jouni Lahti , Eero Lahelma , Ossi Rahkonen
AbstractBackground: Changes in health functioning over different retirement transitions are poorly understood. This study aimed to examine associations between transition into statutory, disability and part-time retirement, and changes in health functioning. Methods: Survey data were collected among ageing employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three phases: (i) (2000–02), (ii) (2007) and (iii) (2012). Physical and mental health functioning were measured using the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each phase. Retirees between phases 1 and 3 were identified from the national registers of the Finnish Centre for Pensions: full-time statutory retirement (n = 1464), part-time retirement (n = 404), and disability retirement (n = 462). Generalized estimating equations were used to examine the associations. Results: Disability retirees had poorer pre- and post-retirement health functioning compared to statutory and part-time retirees. Statutory and part-time retirement were associated with no or only small changes in physical health functioning during retirement transition ( 0.1, 95% CI 0.3 to 0.5 and 1.0, 1.8 to 0.1, respectively), whereas a clear decline in functioning was observed among disability retirees (4.3, 5.4 to 3.2). Mental health functioning improved during the retirement transition among statutory and part-time retirees (1.9, 1.4–2.4 and 2.0, 1.0–3.0, respectively), whereas no change was observed for disability retirees. Conclusions: Transition to disability retirement led to a decrease in physical health functioning, and statutory retirement to a slight improvement in mental health functioning. Evidence on changes in physical and mental health functioning during retirement transition process may provide useful information for interventions to promote healthy ageing.
|Journal series||European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.295; : 2017 = 2.782 (2) - 2017=2.902 (5)|
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