What do register-based studies tell us about migrant mental health? A scoping review

Kishan Patel , Anne Kouvonen , Ciara Close , Ari Väänänen , Dermot O’Reilly , Michael Donnelly

Abstract

Abstract Background: Previous studies investigating the mental health of migrants have shown mixed results. The increased availability of register data has led to a growing number of register-based studies in this research area. This is the first scoping review on the use of registry and record-linkage data to examine the mental health of migrant populations. The aim of this scoping review is to investigate the topics covered and to assess the results yielded from these studies. Methods: We used a scoping review methodology to search MedLine, PubMed, PsychINFO, Web of Science, and SCOPUS for all register-based studies on the mental health of migrants. Two reviewers screened all papers, independently, using iteratively applied inclusion and exclusion criteria. Using gradually broadening inclusion and exclusion criteria for maximum “scope,” newly published criteria developed to appraise the methodological quality of record-linkage studies were applied to eligible papers and data were extracted in a charting exercise. Results: A total of 1309 papers were screened and appraised, 51 of which met the eligibility and quality criteria and were included in the review. This review identified four major domains of register-based research within the topic of migrant mental health: rates and risks of psychiatric disorders, rates and risks of suicide mortality, the use of psychotropic drugs, and health service utilisation and mental health-related hospitalisation rates. We found that whilst migrants can be at an increased risk of developing psychotic disorders and suicide mortality, they are less likely to use psychotropic medication and mental health-related services. Conclusions: This review systematically charts the register-based studies on migrants’ mental health for the first time. It shows the main topics and gaps in knowledge in this research domain, discusses the disadvantages of register-based studies, and suggests new directions for forthcoming studies
Author Kishan Patel
Kishan Patel,,
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, Anne Kouvonen (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anne Kouvonen,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Ciara Close
Ciara Close,,
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, Ari Väänänen
Ari Väänänen,,
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, Dermot O’Reilly
Dermot O’Reilly,,
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, Michael Donnelly
Michael Donnelly,,
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Journal seriesSystematic Reviews, ISSN 2046-4053, (0 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol78
No6
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishMigration, Migrants, Immigrants, Mental health, Register data, Record-linkage, Scoping review
DOIDOI:10.1186/s13643-017-0463-1
URL https://systematicreviewsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13643-017-0463-1
Languageen angielski
File
28. Kouvonen_Patel SystRev 2017.pdf 512.72 KB
Additional file
Oświadczenie_publ_Anne Kouvonen_5 tekstów.pdf 281.18 KB
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
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