Fruit and Vegetable Intake: the Interplay of Planning, Social Support, and Sex
Daniela Lange , Jana Corbett , Nina Knoll , Ralf Schwarzer , Sonia Lippke
AbstractPurpose Intention and planning are important predictors of dietary change. However, little attention has been given yet to the relationship between them as a function of other social-cognitive factors and their interplay with socio-demographics such as sex. Methods In an observational study (1520 women, 430 men) with two measurement points in time, intention (predictor), planning (mediator), social support (first moderator), and sex (second moderator) were assessed to predict changes in diet separately for fruit and vegetable intake. Results All predictors had a main effect on fruit intake but no interactions emerged. For vegetable intake, the mediation-chain was qualified by a three-way interaction: for women, the lower the perceived social support, the more the translation of planning into behavior; for men, the higher the perceived social support, the more the translation of planning into behavior. Conclusions Even though intention and planning are predictors of dietary change, they operate differently under specific conditions (level of social support), for specific subgroups (men vs. women), and for different target behaviors (fruit vs. vegetable intake). These results suggest to further examine the mechanisms by which intentions are translated into behavior via planning.
|Journal series||International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Fruit and vegetable intake ; Intention ; Planning ; Social support ; Sex differences|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.971; : 2017 = 2.012 (2) - 2017=2.259 (5)|
|Citation count*||6 (2020-09-21)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.