Observable and Unobservable Aspects of Traits in Self—Other Comparisons

Jakub Niewiarowski , Jerzy Karyłowski

Abstract

Previous research on absolute trait judgments regarding self and others showed that, compared to self-judgments, other-judgments involve greater focus on external, observable (as opposed to internal, unobservable) aspects of traits. The present research attempted to extend those findings to comparative judgments. In two experiments, Polish undergraduates (N = 144) were asked to perform a series of comparative self–other judgments followed by a series of absolute judgments regarding either the self or another person. The absolute judgments employed the same traits as the comparative judgments but with the trait preceded by a qualifier: either “feels,” referring to covert, unobservable aspects of the trait, or “looks,” referring to overt, observable aspects. As expected, comparative judgments correlated higher with absolute feels judgments regarding the self and with absolute looks judgments regarding the other than with absolute looks judgments regarding the self and absolute feels judgments regarding the other. This occurred for self–other judgments involving acquaintances but not for self–other judgments involving close friends.
Author Jakub Niewiarowski (Wydział Psychologii)
Jakub Niewiarowski,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Jerzy Karyłowski
Jerzy Karyłowski,,
-
Journal seriesPsychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2015
Vol117
No2
Pages496-507
Publication size in sheets0.55
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.2466/07.09.PR0.117c18z8
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/07.09.PR0.117c18z8 <p>
Languageen angielski
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07%2E09%2Epr0%2E117c18z8.pdf 220.13 KB
Oświadczenie_publ_niewiarowski_psychrep15-1.pdf 244.55 KB
Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.547; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 0.414 (2) - 2015=0.638 (5)
Citation count*4 (2020-10-31)
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