Observable and Unobservable Aspects of Traits in Self—Other Comparisons
Jakub Niewiarowski , Jerzy Karyłowski
AbstractPrevious research on absolute trait judgments regarding self and others showed that, compared to self-judgments, other-judgments involve greater focus on external, observable (as opposed to internal, unobservable) aspects of traits. The present research attempted to extend those findings to comparative judgments. In two experiments, Polish undergraduates (N = 144) were asked to perform a series of comparative self–other judgments followed by a series of absolute judgments regarding either the self or another person. The absolute judgments employed the same traits as the comparative judgments but with the trait preceded by a qualifier: either “feels,” referring to covert, unobservable aspects of the trait, or “looks,” referring to overt, observable aspects. As expected, comparative judgments correlated higher with absolute feels judgments regarding the self and with absolute looks judgments regarding the other than with absolute looks judgments regarding the self and absolute feels judgments regarding the other. This occurred for self–other judgments involving acquaintances but not for self–other judgments involving close friends.
|Journal series||Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, (A 15 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Publication indicators||: 2015 = 0.547; : 2015 = 0.414 (2) - 2015=0.638 (5)|
|Citation count*||5 (2021-03-02)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.