Parental Depression Predicts Child Body Mass via Parental Support Provision, Child Support Receipt, and Child Physical Activity: Findings From Parent/Caregiver–Child Dyads

Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska , Anna Banik , Ewa Kuliś , Monika Boberska , Theda Radtke , Carina K. Y. Chan , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska

Abstract

Objective: Although there is substantial evidence corroborating the within-individual associations between depression, social support, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body mass, much less is known about across-individual associations. This study investigated the indirect associations between parental depression and objectively measured body mass in children. In particular, it was hypothesized that higher levels of parental depression (measured at Time 1, T1) would explain higher levels of child body mass in children (assessed at Time 2, T2), via three mediators, namely parental reports of provision of MVPA support (T1), child reports of receipt of MVPA support (T1), and child MVPA (T2). Design: Parent–child dyads provided self-reports twice, at baseline (T1) and 7- to 8- month follow-up (T2). A total of 879 dyads were enrolled (1,758 individuals; 5- to 11- year-old children, 52.4% girls, 83.2% mothers). Body weight and height were measured objectively. Manifest path analyses were performed to test the indirect effects. Results: Analyses corroborated the assumed indirect effects: high levels of depression in parents (T1) were indirectly associated with high levels of body mass in children (T2), via three mediators: low levels of parental support provision (T1), low levels of child support receipt (T1), and low levels of child MVPA (T2). The alternative models assuming that either parental support provision or child support receipt can be excluded as the mediators yelded a poor model-data fit. The hypothesized mediation effects were corroborated when controlling for the baseline levels of parental and child MVPA and body mass. Conclusion: The findings confirm complex across-individual effects of parental depression on high levels of body mass in children. Parental mental health may contribute to the childhood obesity epidemic.
Author Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Anna Banik (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anna Banik,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Ewa Kuliś (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Ewa Kuliś,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Theda Radtke
Theda Radtke,,
-
, Carina K. Y. Chan
Carina K. Y. Chan,,
-
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol11
Pages1-10
Publication size in sheets0.5
Article number161
Keywords in Englishdepression, social support, physical activity, body mass, dyads, parent, child
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00161
Languageen angielski
File
Parental_tekst.pdf 495.05 KB
parental-oswiadczenie-zarychta.pdf 578.85 KB
parental_oswiadczenie_Luszczynska.pdf 699.18 KB
oswiadczenie-boberska.pdf 490.15 KB
oswiadczenie-banik.pdf 571 KB
oswiadczenie-kulis.pdf 525.88 KB
Additional file
parental%.pdf 330.46 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.03; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-07-07)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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