Posttraumatic growth among people living with HIV: A systematic review

Marcin Rzeszutek , Ewa Gruszczyńska

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to analyse, synthesise and review existing results on posttraumatic growth (PTG) among PLWH. In particular, we investigated the relationship of PTG with sociodemographic, HIV-related clinical variables, positive and negative psychological correlates as well as HIV-related social issues among PLWH. METHOD: A literature search was performed on Web of Science, PsyARTICLES, MedLine, Proquest and Scopus databases using appropriate descriptors for positive changes among PLWH. Articles were analysed by title, abstract, and full text. RESULTS: We accepted a set of 24 articles for systematic review and analysis. Consistent findings were obtained with respect to the positive association between psychological and social correlates (optimism, resilience, positive reappraisal coping, positive affect, self-efficacy and social support) and PTG among PLWH. PTG was also negatively related to various aspects of HIV-related distress (depression, substance use, PTSD symptoms, HIV stigma). On the contrary, sociodemographic and especially HIV-related clinical variables were mostly unrelated to PTG among PLWH. CONCLUSIONS: The self-reported PTG among PLWH may be related to psychological variables rather than to objective characteristics of HIV infection itself. Nevertheless, several aspects of research on PTG among PLWH require modification, both theoretically and methodologically
Author Marcin Rzeszutek
Marcin Rzeszutek,,
-
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesJournal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol114
Pages81-91
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishHIV/AIDS; Posttraumatic growth; Systematic review
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.09.006
Languageen angielski
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Posttraumatic growth among people living with HIV_E.Gruszczyńska.pdf 544.6 KB
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Oświadczenie_E.Gruszczyńska_Posttraumatic growth among people.pdf 517.83 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.297; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.947 (2) - 2017=3.377 (5)
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