Basic Emotions in the Nencki Affective Word List (NAWL BE): New Method of Classifying Emotional Stimuli

Małgorzata Wierzba , Monika Riegel , Marek Wypych , Katarzyna Jednoróg , Paweł Turnau , Anna Grabowska , Artur Marchewka


The Nencki Affective Word List (NAWL) has recently been introduced as a standardized database of Polish words suitable for studying various aspects of language and emotions. Though the NAWL was originally based on the most commonly used dimensional approach, it is not the only way of studying emotions. Another framework is based on discrete emotional categories. Since the two perspectives are recognized as complementary, the aim of the present study was to supplement the NAWL database by the addition of categories corresponding to basic emotions. Thus, 2902 Polish words from the NAWL were presented to 265 subjects, who were instructed to rate them according to the intensity of each of the five basic emotions: happiness, anger, sadness, fear and disgust. The general characteristics of the present word database, as well as the relationships between the studied variables are shown to be consistent with typical patterns found in previous studies using similar databases for different languages. Here we present the Basic Emotions in the Nencki Affective Word List (NAWL BE) as a database of verbal material suitable for highly controlled experimental research. To make the NAWL more convenient to use, we introduce a comprehensive method of classifying stimuli to basic emotion categories. We discuss the advantages of our method in comparison to other methods of classification. Additionally, we provide an interactive online tool ( to help researchers browse and interactively generate classes of stimuli to meet their specific requirements.

Author Małgorzata Wierzba
Małgorzata Wierzba,,
, Monika Riegel
Monika Riegel,,
, Marek Wypych
Marek Wypych,,
, Katarzyna Jednoróg
Katarzyna Jednoróg,,
, Paweł Turnau
Paweł Turnau,,
, Anna Grabowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Grabowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Artur Marchewka (Wydział Psychologii)
Artur Marchewka,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesPlos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2015
No7 (e0132305)
Publication size in sheets0.75
ASJC Classification1100 General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; 1300 General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; 2700 General Medicine
Languageen angielski
Basic Emotions in the Nencki Affective Word List (NAWL BE) New Method of Classifying Emotional Stimuli-1.pdf 3.18 MB
Additional file
BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0106_001-30.pdf 46.37 KB
Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 1.136; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 3.057 (2) - 2015=3.535 (5)
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