Success Leads to Agentic Cognition: Two Field Studies

Wiesław Baryła , Bogdan Wojciszke

Abstract

Not much is known about the cognitive consequences of success and failure, and there is no comprehensive theory explaining their aftermath. Building on a dual-perspective model of social cognition, we offer such a preliminary theory that assumes that experiencing success induces an agentic perspective, whereas experiencing failure induces a recipient perspective. We present two field studies of persons failing or succeeding at their naturally occurring goals. The studies found that the experience of success was accompanied by heightened accessibility and use of agentic content. The experience of failure resulted in lowered mood and self-esteem.
Author Wiesław Baryła (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Wiesław Baryła,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Bogdan Wojciszke (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Bogdan Wojciszke,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
Journal seriesSocial Psychological and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, e-ISSN 1948-5514, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol10
No3
Pages402-408
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishsuccess, failure, agency, communion, self-esteem
ASJC Classification3203 Clinical Psychology; 3207 Social Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1177/1948550618765065
URL https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550618765065
Languageen angielski
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Baryła, Wojciszke 2018 Success Leads to Agentic Cognition PSPS.pdf 211.68 KB
Additional file
Baryła_afiliacja_Success_2018.jpg 336.65 KB
Wojciszke_afiliacja_Success_2018.jpg 393.4 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.073; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.633 (2) - 2017=3.124 (5)
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