Emotional see-saw affects rationality of decision-making: Evidence for metacognitive impairments
Michał Folwarczny , Magdalena C. Kaczmarek , Dariusz Doliński , Remigiusz Szczepanowski
AbstractThis research investigated the cognitive mechanisms that underlie impairments in human reasoning triggered by the emotional see-saw technique. It has previously been stated that such manipulation is effective as it presumably induces a mindless state and cognitive deficits in compliant individuals. Based on the dual-system architecture of reasoning (system 2) and affective decision-making (system 1), we challenged the previous theoretical account by indicating that the main source of compliance is impairment of the meta-reasoning system when rapid affective changes occur. To examine this hypothesis, we manipulated affective feelings (system 1 processing) by violating participants' expectations regarding reward and performance in a go/no-go task in which individuals were to inhibit their responses to earn money. Aside from the go/no-go performance, we measured rationality (meta-reasoning system 2) in decision-making by asking participants to comply with a nonsensical request. We found that participants who were exposed to meta-reasoning impairments due to the emotional see-saw phenomenon exhibited mindless behavior.
|Journal series||Acta Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Emotional see-saw; Meta-reasoning; Decision-making; Social influence|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.064; : 2017 = 1.862 (2) - 2017=2.223 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2020-11-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.