Emotional see-saw affects rationality of decision-making: Evidence for metacognitive impairments

Michał Folwarczny , Magdalena C. Kaczmarek , Dariusz Doliński , Remigiusz Szczepanowski

Abstract

This research investigated the cognitive mechanisms that underlie impairments in human reasoning triggered by the emotional see-saw technique. It has previously been stated that such manipulation is effective as it presumably induces a mindless state and cognitive deficits in compliant individuals. Based on the dual-system architecture of reasoning (system 2) and affective decision-making (system 1), we challenged the previous theoretical account by indicating that the main source of compliance is impairment of the meta-reasoning system when rapid affective changes occur. To examine this hypothesis, we manipulated affective feelings (system 1 processing) by violating participants' expectations regarding reward and performance in a go/no-go task in which individuals were to inhibit their responses to earn money. Aside from the go/no-go performance, we measured rationality (meta-reasoning system 2) in decision-making by asking participants to comply with a nonsensical request. We found that participants who were exposed to meta-reasoning impairments due to the emotional see-saw phenomenon exhibited mindless behavior.
Author Michał Folwarczny (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Michał Folwarczny,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Magdalena C. Kaczmarek
Magdalena C. Kaczmarek,,
-
, Dariusz Doliński (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Dariusz Doliński,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Remigiusz Szczepanowski
Remigiusz Szczepanowski,,
-
Journal seriesActa Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol186
Pages126-132
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishEmotional see-saw; Meta-reasoning; Decision-making; Social influence
ASJC Classification1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.04.012
URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.04.012
Languageen angielski
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Emotional see-saw_tekst.pdf 558.49 KB
Additional file
Emotional see-saw_oświadczenie.pdf 260.54 KB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.064; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.862 (2) - 2017=2.223 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-11-27)
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