The Role of Social Support and Self-efficacy for Planning Fruit and Vegetable Intake
Guangyu Zhou , Yiqun Gan , Kyra Hamilton , Ralf Schwarzer
AbstractObjective The aim of the current study was to examine the joint effect of self-efficacy, action planning, and received social support on fruit and vegetable intake. Design The study used a longitudinal design with 3 waves of data collection. Setting Major university campus in Beijing, China. Participants Young adults (n = 286). Variables Measured Age, gender, body mass index, dietary self-efficacy, and baseline behavior were measured at time 1. Two weeks after time 1, received social support and action planning were assessed (time 2); 4 weeks after time 1, subsequent fruit and vegetable consumption was measured (time 3). Analysis In a path analysis, action planning at time 2 was specified as a mediator between self-efficacy at time 1 and fruit and vegetable intake at time 3, controlling for age, gender, body mass index, and baseline behavior. In addition, in a conditional process analysis, received social support at time 2 was specified as a moderator of the self-efficacy–planning relationship. Results Action planning mediated between self-efficacy and subsequent dietary behavior, and received social support moderated between self-efficacy and planning supporting a compensation effect. Action planning served as a proximal predictor of fruit and vegetable intake, and planning one's consumption was facilitated by dietary self-efficacy. Conclusions and Implications Through the identification of social cognitive factors influencing dietary planning, interventions can target self-efficacy and received social support to test the efficacy of these mechanisms in increasing individuals' ability to ensure they consume adequate amounts of fruits and vegetables.
|Journal series||Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, [Journal of Nutrition Education], ISSN 1499-4046, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||dietary self-efficacy, action planning, received social support, fruit and vegetable intake|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.114; : 2017 = 2.571 (2) - 2017=3.249 (5)|
|Citation count*||34 (2020-11-24)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.