Learning to deceive has cognitive benefits

Xiao Pan Ding , Gail D. Heyman , Liyang Sai , Fang Yuan , Piotr Winkielman , Genyue Fu , Kang Lee

Abstract

Recent evolutionary, cultural, and economic theories have postulated strong connections between human sociality and complex cognition. One prediction derived from this work is that deception should confer cognitive benefits on children. The current research tests this possibility by examining whether learning to deceive during early childhood promotes more advanced theory of mind and executive function skills during a time when these skills are undergoing rapid development. A total of 42 children (Mage = 40.45 months; 22 boys and 20 girls) who showed no initial ability to deceive were randomly assigned to an experimental condition or a control condition. In both conditions, they played a hide-and-seek game against an adult opponent on 4 consecutive days, but only the children in the experimental condition were taught how to deceive the opponent in order to win the game. Unlike children in the control condition, children in the experimental condition significantly improved their executive function and theory of mind skills, providing the first evidence that learning to deceive causally enhances cognitive skills in young children
Author Xiao Pan Ding
Xiao Pan Ding,,
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, Gail D. Heyman
Gail D. Heyman,,
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, Liyang Sai
Liyang Sai,,
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, Fang Yuan
Fang Yuan,,
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, Piotr Winkielman (Wydział Psychologii)
Piotr Winkielman,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Genyue Fu
Genyue Fu,,
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, Kang Lee
Kang Lee,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Experimental Child Psychology, ISSN 0022-0965, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol176
Pages26-38
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in EnglishChildrenDeceptionTheory of mindExecutive functionSocialityCognition
ASJC Classification3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jecp.2018.07.008
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022096518303564?via%3Dihub
Languageen angielski
File
Learning to deceive has cognitive benefits.pdf 477.32 KB
Additional file
Oswiadczenie_Winkielman_Learning to deceive.pdf 132.52 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.273; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.424 (2) - 2017=3.033 (5)
Citation count*6 (2020-09-22)
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