Beyond national security: The nation-state, refugees and human security
AbstractInternational migration is one of the key factors that are shaping our globalizing world. There is an increasingly growing literature on migration, which reflects this significance of international population movements. This article reviews three recent books, which focus on the role of nation-states in managing and shaping migration processes and examine the relationship between national and human security. While the work of Elizabeth Mavroudi and Caroline Nagel takes a bird's-eye view of migration, it underlines the nation-state-centred perspective in migration studies. Gabriella Lazaridis and Wadia Khursheed focus on the member states of the European Union, and analyze discourse, practice, and consequences of the securitization of migration that has dominated in Europe since 9/11. On the other hand, Innes’ book also deals with securitization, but it concentrates on security seen “from below”. Drawing on experiences of asylum seekers, Alexandria J. Innes criticizes the privileging of the nation-state in security analysis. Taken together, these works pose both empirical and normative questions about the role of the nation-state in the context of migration. Although the works do not provide ultimate answers, they suggest potential future research directions. I argue that there are two problems which seem to be particularly compelling. First, what are the functions and the consequences, given its current ineffectiveness, of securitization policy? Second, how can state security be reconciled with inclusive human security?
|Journal series||Kontakt, ISSN 1212-4117, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|Keywords in English||The nation-state Immigration Securitization Security Refugees|
|Citation count*||7 (2020-02-01)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.