The mental health continuum-short form: The structure and application for cross -cultural studies - A 38 nation study
Jarosław Michałowski , Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska , Jarosław Piotrowski , Evgeny N. Osin , Jan Cieciuch , Byron G. Adams , Rahkman Ardi , Sergiu Bălţătescu , Bogomaz Sergey , Arbinda Lal Bhomi , Clinton Amanda , Gisela T.. de Clunie , Z.czarna Anna , Carla Esteves , Valdiney Gouveia , H.j.halik Murnizam , Ashraf Hosseini , Narine Khachatryan , Vasant Shanmukh , Anna Kawula , Lun Miu-Chi , Dzintra Ilisko , Martina Klicperova-Baker , Kadi Liik , Eva Letovancova , Malo Sara , Natalia Malysheva , Alison Marganski , Marija Nikolic , Joonha Park , Elena Paspalanova , Perez Pablo , Gyozo Peck , Joanna Różycka-Tran , Samekin Adil , Shanbaz Wahab , Ha Khanh , Tiliouine Habib , Van Alain , Vauclair Melanie , Eduardo Wills-Herrera , Anna Włodarczyk , Illia Yahiiaev , John Maltby
AbstractAbstract Objective The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the cross-cultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling. Method Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we examined the measurement invariance of the MHC-SF in 38 countries (university students, N = 8,066; 61.73% women, mean age 21.55 years). Results MGCFA supported the cross-cultural replicability of a bifactor structure and a metric level of invariance between student samples. The average proportion of variance explained by the general factor was high (ECV = .66), suggesting that the three aspects of mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being) can be treated as a single dimension of well-being. Conclusion The metric level of invariance offers the possibility of comparing correlates and predictors of positive mental functioning across countries; however, the comparison of the levels of mental health across countries is not possible due to lack of scalar invariance. Our study has preliminary character and could serve as an initial assessment of the structure of the MHC-SF across different cultural settings. Further studies on general populations are required for extending our findings.
|Journal series||Journal of Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0021-9762, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.9|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.207; : 2017 = 2.33 (2) - 2017=3.149 (5)|
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