Meaning in life and physical quality of life: Cross-lagged associations during inpatient rehabilitation

Katarzyna Czekierda , Karolina Horodyska , Anna Banik , Lea Wilhelm , Nina Knoll , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska


OBJECTIVES: This study investigated reciprocal associations between meaning in life and physical quality of life (QOL) in the rehabilitation context. It was hypothesized that a higher level of meaning in life at Time 1 (T1) would predict better physical QOL at Time 2 (T2), and that better physical QOL (T1) would predict a higher level of meaning in life (T2). RESEARCH METHOD: This longitudinal study enrolled 339 participants (aged 19-84 years, 57.9% women) who provided self-report data (T1) at the beginning of the inpatient rehabilitation for central nervous system diseases (CNSD; e.g., stroke; n = 89) or musculoskeletal system diseases (MSD; e.g., dorsopathies; n = 250), and at the end of the inpatient rehabilitation (T2, 1-month follow-up). Data were collected in 6 inpatient rehabilitation centers. Manifest cross-lagged panel analyses were conducted for the total sample. RESULTS: Path analyses indicated a significant cross-lagged-effect (.126, p < .002 [95% BCI: 0.020, 0.132]) from meaning in life (T1) to physical QOL at the follow-up (T2). Physical QOL (T1) did not precede meaning in life (T2). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients participating in rehabilitation due to CNSD or MSD, a higher level of meaning in life may precede better physical QOL. Interventions aimed at physical QOL improvement among patients who participated in an inpatient rehabilitation may benefit from a focus on raising patients' meaning in life. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).
Author Katarzyna Czekierda
Katarzyna Czekierda,,
, Karolina Horodyska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Anna Banik (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anna Banik,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Lea Wilhelm
Lea Wilhelm,,
, Nina Knoll
Nina Knoll,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesRehabilitation Psychology, ISSN 0090-5550, e-ISSN 1939-1544, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishmeaning in life, quality of life, cross-lagged panel analysis, inpatient rehabilitation, stroke
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 2742 Rehabilitation; 3612 Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; 3203 Clinical Psychology
Languageen angielski
Oświadczenie_ Luszczynska.pdf 104.35 KB
Meaning_tekst.pdf 202.91 KB
oswiadczenie_horodyska.pdf 727.88 KB
oswiadczenie_ABanik.pdf 38.4 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.885; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.75 (2) - 2017=2.304 (5)
Citation count*1 (2021-03-01)
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