Cross-cultural similarities and differences in the experience of awe
Pooya Razavi , Jia Wei Zang , Daniela Hekiert , Seung Hee Yoo , Ryan T. Howell
AbstractCurrent research on awe is limited to Western cultures. Thus, whether the measurement, frequency, and consequences of awe will replicate across non-Western cultures remains unanswered. To address this gap, we validated the dispositional awe scale (Shiota, Keltner, & John, 2006) in 4 countries (United States, Iran, Malaysia, and Poland; N = 1,173) with extensive variations in cultural values (i.e., power distance) and personality profiles (i.e., extraversion and openness). Multigroup factor analyses demonstrated that, across all cultures, a 3-factor model that treats awe, amusement, and pride as 3 unique emotions is superior to a single-factor model that clusters all 3 emotions together. Structurally, the scales of awe, amusement and pride were invariant across all countries. Furthermore, we found significant country-level differences in dispositional awe, with the largest discrepancy between the United States and Iran (d = 0.79); these differences are not likely due to cultural response biases. Results are discussed in terms of possible explanations for country-level differences and suggestions for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
|Journal series||Emotion, ISSN 1528-3542, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.635; : 2016 = 3.251 (2) - 2016=4.266 (5)|
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