Cross-cultural similarities and differences in the experience of awe

Pooya Razavi , Jia Wei Zang , Daniela Hekiert , Seung Hee Yoo , Ryan T. Howell

Abstract

Current research on awe is limited to Western cultures. Thus, whether the measurement, frequency, and consequences of awe will replicate across non-Western cultures remains unanswered. To address this gap, we validated the dispositional awe scale (Shiota, Keltner, & John, 2006) in 4 countries (United States, Iran, Malaysia, and Poland; N = 1,173) with extensive variations in cultural values (i.e., power distance) and personality profiles (i.e., extraversion and openness). Multigroup factor analyses demonstrated that, across all cultures, a 3-factor model that treats awe, amusement, and pride as 3 unique emotions is superior to a single-factor model that clusters all 3 emotions together. Structurally, the scales of awe, amusement and pride were invariant across all countries. Furthermore, we found significant country-level differences in dispositional awe, with the largest discrepancy between the United States and Iran (d = 0.79); these differences are not likely due to cultural response biases. Results are discussed in terms of possible explanations for country-level differences and suggestions for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Author Pooya Razavi
Pooya Razavi,,
-
, Jia Wei Zang
Jia Wei Zang,,
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, Daniela Hekiert (Wydział Psychologii)
Daniela Hekiert,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Seung Hee Yoo
Seung Hee Yoo,,
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, Ryan T. Howell
Ryan T. Howell,,
-
Journal seriesEmotion, ISSN 1528-3542, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol16
No8
Pages1097-1101
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
File
Obraz (27).jpg 478.84 KB
Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.635; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 3.251 (2) - 2016=4.266 (5)
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