Does Running A First Marathon Influence General Self-Efficacy and Positive Orientation?
Anna Gorczyca , Tomasz Jankowski , Piotr Oleś
AbstractThe aim of this study was to measure the potential increase in general self-efficacy (GSE) and positive orientation (PO) in the context of a first marathon run. Self-efficacy and positive orientation, defined as a general tendency to evaluate self, life and future in a positive way were measured at three time points: at the beginning of preparation, just after completing the marathon, and two months after completing the marathon. Eighty adults (23 women) completed the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES; Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995) and Positivity Scale (PS; Caprara et al., 2012). A latent trajectory model was used to test the hypothesis that self-efficacy and PO would be higher immediately after the marathon and two months later than at the start of preparation. The marathon had a significant effect only in women. Slopes indicating rates of change in self-efficacy and PO were also correlated. The second autoregressive model suggested that PO was a causal factor in changes in GSE over time. Results are discussed in the light of relevant contemporary literature
|Journal series||International Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 0047-0767, (A 15 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|Keywords in English||Marathon; Positive orientation; self-efficacy|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.513; : 2016 = 0.61 (2) - 2016=0.78 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.