Are managers also ‘crafting leaders’? The link between organizational rank, autonomy, and job crafting

Marta Roczniewska , Malwina Puchalska-Kamińska


Although research has examined the role leaders may play in shaping job re-design behaviors among their subordinates, little is known about the way managers craft their jobs as compared to other employees. In two cross- sectional studies we tested whether organizational rank affects the frequency of job crafting (H1), and to what extent this relationship is mediated via perceived autonomy (H2). Study 1 (N = 267) demonstrated that managers craft their jobs more frequently than non-managers by increasing structural job resources and seeking challenges at work. We also showed that autonomy explains the relationship between organizational rank and the frequency of increasing structural and social job demands, as well as seeking challenges. However, managers did not craft their jobs by decreasing job demands more often than regular employees. In Study 2 (N = 262) we replicated this pattern of results, subsequently demonstrating that managers with shorter tenure use their autonomy to craft their jobs via decreasing job demands. We discuss the contributions and potential implications of these results.
Author Marta Roczniewska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Marta Roczniewska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Malwina Puchalska-Kamińska
Malwina Puchalska-Kamińska,,
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in Englishautonomy, positive psychology, managers, job crafting, organizational tenure, proactivity
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
[Polish Psychological Bulletin] Are managers also crafting leaders The link between organizational rank autonomy and job crafting (1).pdf 322.38 KB
Roczniewska-afiliacja.pdf 42.43 KB
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.232
Citation count*26 (2021-02-25)
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