Mental Strategies Predict Performance and Satisfaction with Performance Among Soccer Players

Magdalena Kruk , Jan Blecharz , Monika Boberska , Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska

Abstract

This study investigated the changes in mental strategies across the season and their effects on performance and satisfaction with individual performance. Data were collected three times: at the pre-season at Time 1 (T1; baseline), in the mid-season at Time 2 (T2; two-month follow-up), and at the end-of-season at Time 3 (T3; nine-month follow-up) among male soccer players (N = 97) aged 16-27. Athletes completed the questionnaires assessing the use of nine psychological strategies in competition and the level of satisfaction with individual performance. Endurance performance was measured objectively with a 300 m run. A high level of relaxation (T1) explained better 300 m run performance (T3) and a high level of self-talk explained a higher satisfaction with individual performance (T3). A rare use of distractibility and emotional control (T1) predicted a higher level of satisfaction with individual performance (T3). No predictive role of other psychological strategies was found. The use of emotional control, relaxation, and distractibility increased over the season, whereas the use of imagery and negative thinking declined. Besides the roles of self-talk, imagery, relaxation and goal-setting, the effects of distractibility and emotional control should be taken into account when considering athletes’ mental training programs.
Author Magdalena Kruk (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Magdalena Kruk,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Jan Blecharz
Jan Blecharz,,
-
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesJournal of Human Kinetics, ISSN 1640-5544, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol59
Pages79-90
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishpsychological strategies, satisfaction with individual performance, male soccer players
ASJC Classification2737 Physiology (medical); 3612 Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
DOIDOI:10.1515/hukin-2017-0149
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5680688/
Languageen angielski
File
31. Kruk, Łuszczyńska_Mental_JHK_2017.pdf 498.78 KB
Additional file
31a. Oświadczenie_publ Luszczynska listopad 2017a.pdf 336.44 KB
31b. Boberska_oświadczenie.pdf 195 KB
Oświadczenie_publ Zarychta.pdf 575.45 KB
Kruk_oświadczenie.pdf 193.93 KB
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.906; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.174 (2) - 2017=1.634 (5)
Citation count*6 (2020-10-28)
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