Neither action nor phonological video games make dyslexic children read better

Magdalena Łuniewska , Katarzyna Chyl , Agnieszka Dębska , Agnieszka Kacprzak , Joanna Plewko , Marcin Szczerbiński , Jakub Szewczyk , Anna Grabowska , Katarzyna Jednoróg

Abstract

The prevalence and long-term consequences of dyslexia make it crucial to look for effective and efficient ways of its therapy. Action video games (AVG) were implied as a possible remedy for difficulties in reading in Italian and English-speaking children. However, the studies examining the effectiveness of AVG application in dyslexia suffered from significant methodological weaknesses such as small sample sizes and lack of a control group with no intervention. In our study, we tested how two forms of training: based on AVG and on phonological non-action video games (PNAVG), affect reading in a group of fifty-four Polish children with dyslexia. Both speed and accuracy of reading increased in AVG as much as in PNAVG group. Moreover, both groups improved in phonological awareness, selective attention and rapid naming. Critically, the reading progress in the two groups did not differ from a dyslexic control group which did not participate in any training. Thus, the observed improvement in reading in AVG and PNAVG can be attributed either to the normal reading development related to schooling or to test practice effect. Overall, we failed to replicate previous studies: Neither AVG nor PNAVG remedy difficulties in reading in school children.
Author Magdalena Łuniewska
Magdalena Łuniewska,,
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, Katarzyna Chyl
Katarzyna Chyl,,
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, Agnieszka Dębska
Agnieszka Dębska,,
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, Agnieszka Kacprzak
Agnieszka Kacprzak,,
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, Joanna Plewko
Joanna Plewko,,
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, Marcin Szczerbiński
Marcin Szczerbiński,,
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, Jakub Szewczyk
Jakub Szewczyk,,
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, Anna Grabowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Grabowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Katarzyna Jednoróg
Katarzyna Jednoróg,,
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Journal seriesScientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2018
No8:549
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1000 Multidisciplinary
DOIDOI:10.1038/s41598-017-18878-7
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-18878-7.pdf
Languageeng
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Łuniewska Neither action nor phonological video games make dyslexic children read better-1.jpg 105.26 KB
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oświadczenia_Luniewska_Wierzba.pdf 33.17 KB
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.401; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 4.122 (2) - 2017=4.609 (5)
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