Cognitive structuring and placebo effect

Dolińska Barbara , Dariusz Doliński , Yoram Bar-Tal

Abstract

In much of the research concerning the placebo phenomenon, the idea that placebo effects may vary in strength depending on a patient's personal characteristics or traits has been investigated. Findings regarding possible personality differences in placebo response, however, are conflicting and non-systematic. In this article a new theoretical attempt to explain the placebo phenomenon is offered. The authors postulate that the power of the placebo effect is moderated by the extent of use of cognitive structuring, which in turn is influenced by the interaction between the individuals' level of need for cognitive closure and their ability to achieve this state. To test this assumption, a study using a placebo with information given to participants that this “medicine” improves mood and well-being was conducted. The results obtained fully support the predictions. The impact of this finding both for the theoretical understanding and practical implications of the placebo effect is presented.
Author Dolińska Barbara
Dolińska Barbara,,
-
, Dariusz Doliński (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Dariusz Doliński,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Yoram Bar-Tal
Yoram Bar-Tal,,
-
Journal seriesPersonality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol119
Pages30-34
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishCognitive structuringPlacebo effectIndividual differences,Need for closure,Ability to achieve, cognitive structure
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.06.030
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886917304191
Languageen angielski
File
66. DolinskiPAID2017.pdf 306.17 KB
Additional file
66a. oświadczenia_Doliński.pdf 114.52 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.183; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)
Citation count*6 (2020-11-27)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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