Who seeks job resources, and who avoids job demands? The link between dark personality traits and job crafting
Marta Roczniewska , Arnold B. Bakker
AbstractAlthough job crafting has been linked repeatedly to positive employee and organizational outcomes, its detrimental side has not been well explored. To understand the way dark personality traits affect the type of crafting in which employees engage, this research focuses on two frameworks: the PEN (psychopathy, extraversion, and neuroticism) framework and the Dark Triad (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism). In Study 1, we collected data on the PEN traits and job crafting from 155 individuals in various occupations. We found that neuroticism was negatively related to seeking structural job resources, whereas psychoticism was negatively related to seeking social job resources. We also found that extraversion was positively related to seeking structural and social job resources and to seeking challenging job demands. In Study 2, we examined how the Dark Triad traits predicted job crafting among police officers (N = 135). The results showed that narcissism was positively related to seeking social job resources and challenges, whereas psychopathy was negatively related to seeking social resources. Age and narcissism were positive predictors of reducing job demands. We conclude that personality plays an important role when choosing how to craft one's job. We discuss the practical implications of these findings.
|Journal series||Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, ISSN 0022-3980, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||51.3|
|Keywords in English||Dark personality, job crafting, dark triad, PEN model, proactivity,|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.88; : 2016 = 1.642 (2) - 2016=2.182 (5)|
|Citation count*||54 (2021-01-21)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.