Who seeks job resources, and who avoids job demands? The link between dark personality traits and job crafting

Marta Roczniewska , Arnold B. Bakker

Abstract

Although job crafting has been linked repeatedly to positive employee and organizational outcomes, its detrimental side has not been well explored. To understand the way dark personality traits affect the type of crafting in which employees engage, this research focuses on two frameworks: the PEN (psychopathy, extraversion, and neuroticism) framework and the Dark Triad (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism). In Study 1, we collected data on the PEN traits and job crafting from 155 individuals in various occupations. We found that neuroticism was negatively related to seeking structural job resources, whereas psychoticism was negatively related to seeking social job resources. We also found that extraversion was positively related to seeking structural and social job resources and to seeking challenging job demands. In Study 2, we examined how the Dark Triad traits predicted job crafting among police officers (N = 135). The results showed that narcissism was positively related to seeking social job resources and challenges, whereas psychopathy was negatively related to seeking social resources. Age and narcissism were positive predictors of reducing job demands. We conclude that personality plays an important role when choosing how to craft one's job. We discuss the practical implications of these findings.
Author Marta Roczniewska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Marta Roczniewska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Arnold B. Bakker
Arnold B. Bakker,,
-
Journal seriesJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, ISSN 0022-3980, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol150
No8
Pages1026-1045
Publication size in sheets51.3
Keywords in EnglishDark personality, job crafting, dark triad, PEN model, proactivity,
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology; 3304 Education; 1401 Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
DOIDOI:10.1080/00223980.2016.1235537
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2016.1235537
Languageen angielski
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Roczniewska_2016 artykuł eng.pdf 589.48 KB
Roczniewska_oświadczenie_who seeks.jpg 405.18 KB
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.88; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.642 (2) - 2016=2.182 (5)
Citation count*48 (2020-09-21)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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